Don't Be Evil Means Don't Be Evil

Mixing Open Source communities and corporate boardrooms is a lot like mixing nitroglycerin — done properly, it produces unmeasurable good, but make a wrong move and the results won't be pretty. Some companies, like Red Hat, are adept at successfully marrying the two, while other companies seem to spend more time than they should diving for the nearest bunker.

We here at the news-desk are fans of the near-omnipresent search giant that is Google, and we don't mind saying so. However, though we don't play much poker, we know a spade when we see one, and we're not afraid to call it when we do. One such spade comes in the form of events that played out over the past few weeks with regard to the company's Open Source darling, Android.

Android has been an amazing success for Google, with a whole cadre of phones boasting it inside, and even the rocketing netbook market getting in on the game. The platform has not been without its faults, however, both with the software itself and perhaps more serious, with the company behind it.

Google's first major Android faux pas to come to light turned up last July, while the $10,000,000 Android Challenge was underway. In a move pulled straight from a sitcom script, Developer Advocate David McLaughlin accidentally alerted the world that the company was holding out on the community, providing up-to-date software development kits to contest participants while leaving Open Source developers in the lurch.

That revelation alone was enough to raise torches and pitchforks on the horizon, but that wasn't all. Google didn't just fail to hand out the goods to everyone in the class — they called in the gLaw team to have a go at it, using Non-Disclosure Agreements to keep the kits under wraps. As anyone who has been involved with the Open Source community for more than a few minutes can attest, legal teams aren't particularly popular. Those carting silencers, like NDAs, may find themselves tarred and feathered.

Silencer is a good term for it, as silence was Google's only response, including when two hundred developers petitioned for answers. The company — or at least, one of its minions — eventually spoke, but by all appearances not before consulting anyone with any knowledge of the Open Source world. The twenty-six word response read:

We appreciate the enthusiasm of our developers and we're excited that you're so passionate about the Android platform. Thanks for taking the time to send this.

To their credit, the company was smart enough to release an updated development kit shortly thereafter, along with plans for the future. The past several weeks, however, would suggest that a lesson was not among the things Google took away from the incident.

Enter Cyanogen — Steve Kondik — the developer behind an optimized Android fork known as CyanogenMod. CyanogenMod is built to offer rock-solid reliability and high performance — it also included several of Google's Android applications, including Google Talk, YouTube, and Gmail, among others. We say "included" because it doesn't any longer, thanks to another appearance from gLaw.

What did the besuited and briefcased bearers of the big stick want with Mr. Kondik? Why, to serve him with a Cease and Desist Order, of course.

If those bearing Non-Disclosure Agreements are likely to be tarred and feathered, anyone caught serving a Cease and Desist Order in the Open Source world should prepare to be bound, coated in honey, and left in the general vicinity of a colony of angry fire ants. Suffice it to say, they will not be popular, and Google's Gucci-clad goons are no exception.

CyanogenMod found itself on the wrong end of Google's heavy hand because, though Android is Open Source, the Google applications in question are not. There are ten thousand arguments to be made over the evils of closed-source applications, but what we can't dispute is that the apps in question were not free for use, and Google had legal grounds for preventing their distribution. Few of us would argue against protecting the proper use of one's software, open or closed — after all, that's the whole point behind software licensing. (For example, enforcing the requirement to distribute source code when the license requires it.) The Software Freedom Law Center keeps itself busy doing just that, and have had impressive success at forcing even the largest companies to play by the rules.

So then, what raises the reminders to "Don't Be Evil"? While we can't dispute that the grounds were there, or the virtue of doing so, the way one goes about protecting one's software is key, especially when the "one" in question is a multi-billion dollar corporation. The evil at hand isn't open vs. closed, nor is it legal distribution — the evil here is delivering messages by tank, and in the process cutting off your nose to spite your face.

When someone is dedicated enough to "your" Open Source software to want make it better, and to do it freely for the benefit of the people you're supposed to be so committed to providing benefits to, use a little discretion. While you're at it, do it before you have to offer half-hearted exhortations on your love for Open Source.

Tap the person on the shoulder and say "Hey, do you know you really shouldn't be distributing those?" Take ten minutes to figure out that leading with lawyers is both overkill and one of the worst sins you can commit in this community. If you're going to claim a commitment to openness, try to learn how it works, and think a little before sending a street gang to beat down people who, if anything, are a bit too enthusiastic about being open.

Above all, get a clue. That's not how this team plays.


Justin Ryan is a Contributing Editor for Linux Journal.


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Whats the problem with the

Anonymous's picture

Whats the problem with the C&D?
I don't know about the US but in Europe they could have fined Cyanogen easily for thousands of dollars since he already distributed the applications.
Instead they just sent a letter so i don't see the problem.

Besides that Android is not as community driven as the usual distributions.
I'ts about giving the manufacturer an open system they can use... not about
producing a crook everyone is pushing bugs into.

If Android were organized like any linux distribution i wouldn't use it for sure.

google is an ad broker now

quixote's picture

Google's days of not being evil ended when they got enough market share. Now, as they prove by their behavior every day, they have to be taken as skeptically as any monopoly.

Their attitude toward open source is looking more and more like, "Give me your stuff, and I'll make money on it. Which, by the way, I'll keep, thank you very much."


Sassinak's picture

Tarred and feathered ? Really. By whom ? A bunch of peace-loving linux-sharing hippies? You've got to be kidding ! What real recourse do we have but calling them bad names?

A peace-loving linux-sharing hippy.


Anonymous's picture

and you're fans of Google WHY!?


Anonymous's picture

It is possible to have a right to do something that is not right to do.

all the best,


A big "yes"!

twrock's picture

Very well put. I followed the whole Cyanogen controversy very closely and came to the exact same conclusion. Google was within their right to ask that their proprietary software not be redistributed, but using a very impersonal and heavy-handed C&D from the lawyers as a first step was way overboard. They could have saved themselves a lot of bad press and gotten the same "result" by just be personable and talking to Steve first.

Good grief

Anonymous's picture

I've had 2 occasions with C&D, involving community projects that I put my sweat and tears into, I know exactly what cyanogen is going through.

I personally think Google has some explaining to do about why we can only play with their toys a certain way. They also need to explain why, for an open source project (android), more code isn't shared with the community.


medicdave's picture

So let's see - Google is supposed to "use a little discretion" when telling someone who is violating their terms not to do so? In Cyanogen's case, I think they did just that - it was Cyanogen who chose to go public with the C&D (via a blog entry) before the particulars were hashed out with Google. Sure, Andy Rubin could have TXT'd Mr. Kondik and asked him nicely to stop distributing Google's proprietary apps, and perhaps that's the way the leadership and the technical folks might have preferred to do it, but I'm guessing they're beholden to the legal team, not the other way around.


Nerdfest's picture

While they were well within their rights, you're correct in that in would have been way better PR wise to try contacting Cyanogen casually and asking him to stop before sending a C&D. I'm pretty happy with Google's behaviour in general, but wish they'd push Linux a little more since they have so much infrastructure using it. Last I heard, they aren't providing a Linux version (well, packaged for Wine) of their latest version on Picasa. It still works, bit it's not 'official'.

Not Surprised at all

Anonymous's picture

If you ever used iGoogle, the personalized Google page and used a Chinese Calender, you will noticed that

this google module works when you are in windows but
will not work when you are in Linux