You now need to install the authentication package, auth_ldap, and the name switch service package, nss_ldap. The Red Hat tool /usr/bin/authconfig is handy for configuring the client. Select Use LDAP®Server: ldapserver.foo.com, base DN: dc=foo,dc=com. Authconfig writes to these files: /etc/ldap.conf, /etc/openldap/ldap.conf and /etc/nsswitch.conf.
Verify that /etc/nsswitch.conf has the following entries:
passwd: files ldap shadow: files group: files ldap automount: files ldap
Verify that /etc/ldap.conf has these entries:
host ldapserver.foo.com base dc=foo,dc=comand that /etc/openldap/ldap.conf has these entries:
HOST ldapserver.foo.com BASE dc=foo,dc=com
The LDAP server also is a client of LDAP. On the LDAP server, disable the automount of /home as /h. nsswitch is configured to check the files first, and then LDAP for automount information. So, we will make a dummy entry in ldapserver.foo.com:/etc/auto.master:
The user's password and group entries must be removed from the password and group files on the home directory server. Create backups, then edit /etc/passwd, /etc/shadow, /etc/group and /etc/gshadow to remove the LDAP real-people entries.
To test, log in to a Linux LDAP client, using an LDAP user name. You should see the appropriate login shell and home directory for that user. To test auto.misc shares, you must access the share by name:
Automount only mounts NFS shares as they are used, so the directory /share/redhat is not visible until it has been accessed.
To have a Windows and Linux unified login, first configure a Samba Primary Domain Controller (PDC). User home directories are shared with SMB clients. The details of Samba configuration are outside the scope of this article.
User passwords may be changed from MS Windows using Samba and the Perl program ldapsync.pl, which is available from www.mami.net/univr/tng-ldap/howto/#how_to_change_password.
The ldapsync.pl script is a replacement for the /bin/passwd program called by Samba to change users' passwords, and it keeps them in sync with the Samba passwords. The ldapsync.pl script is called from Samba when changing user passwords within Windows, and it is run as root just as /bin/passwd is normally run in an unmodified Samba. The ldapsync.pl script is needed for LDAP-enabled users to function. Because the user passwords are not stored locally in /etc/passwd but in LDAP, the ldapsync.pl script binds to the LDAP directory and modifies the user's password entry in LDAP.
In simpler terms, here's how this process works:
User calls password-changing program from Windows.
User clicks OK to change password and sends data to Samba server.
Samba looks at its config file and knows to call ldapsync.pl to change LDAP passwords.
ldapsync.pl is executed with -o %u options that specify the program to run without prompting for the old password. It passes the user's name to the script as it runs (important if you don't want to change root's password without knowing it).
Samba passes the user's new password to ldapsync.pl without caring about what the old one was.
ldapsync.pl chats with Samba, expecting the correct responses with the new password.
If it passes the chat correctly, the password is encrypted by ldapsync.pl.
ldapsync.pl then binds LDAP with the correct dn of the user and does an ldapmodify on the user's LDAP entry, replacing the userPassword field stored in LDAP. LDAP and Samba chat for a final time, listening for success from LDAP, at which point the process ends.
To configure Samba for this, you will need the following Smb.conf entries:
passwd program = /etc/samba/ldapsync.pl -o %u passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *modifying*When users change their passwords in Windows they are prompted for the old password, a new one and then are asked to confirm the new one. Because ldapsync.pl is called without caring about the old password, only the two new entries are examined. First of all, the * instructs it to look for anything and then a specific match. So the *New*password*%n\n is saying match anything, then the word New, then anything and the word password, then anything and the new password the user entered (%n). The *modifying* is saying if LDAP returns that it modified the entry, then the process was successful.
You must edit ldapsync.pl to enter the LDAP bind information:
$binddn = "cn=manager,dc=foo,dc=com"; $passwd = "passwd";
Then, limit the access of ldapsync.pl to root only (0700).
- March 2015 Issue of Linux Journal: System Administration
- High-Availability Storage with HA-LVM
- DNSMasq, the Pint-Sized Super Dæmon!
- Localhost DNS Cache
- Real-Time Rogue Wireless Access Point Detection with the Raspberry Pi
- Days Between Dates: the Counting
- You're the Boss with UBOS
- The Usability of GNOME
- Multitenant Sites
- Linux for Astronomers