Work the Shell - More Fun with Days and Dates
The next set of tests is one I rewrote a couple times to ensure that I wasn't tripping myself up, because my first thought simply was to use a test like this:
if [ $month -le $thismonth -a $day -le $thisday ]
But, then I realized that in edge cases it wouldn't actually work properly. For example, let's say it's April 4 and you're checking for March 11. The month test succeeds, but the day test fails—not what we want. Instead, let's use a cascading set of conditional tests:
if [ $monthnum -gt $thismonth ] ; then # month is in the future, can't be this year mostrecent=$(( $thisyear - 1 )) elif [ $monthnum -eq $thismonth -a $day -gt $thisday ] ; then # right month, but seeking a date in the future mostrecent=$(( $thisyear - 1 )) else mostrecent=$thisyear fi
With just this much code, we can at least test the normalization of data input and comparison tool. I ran this set of tests on March 1, by the way:
$ whatyear.sh Monday Aug 3 Decided that for 8/3 we're looking at year 2010 $ sh whatyear.sh mon jan 9 Decided that for 1/9 we're looking at year 2011 $ whatyear.sh mon mar 1 Decided that for 3/1 we're looking at year 2011 $ whatyear.sh mon mar 2 Decided that for 3/2 we're looking at year 2010
It correctly identified that the current date could be a match, but that the subsequent day (mar 2) had to be in the previous year for it to be a possibility.
Good. Next month, we'll put the rest of the LEGO pieces in the model and have a working script. The big task left? Parsing the output of cal to figure out the day of the week for a given date.
Dave Taylor has been hacking shell scripts for a really long time, 30 years. He's the author of the popular Wicked Cool Shell Scripts and can be found on Twitter as @DaveTaylor and more generally at www.DaveTaylorOnline.com.
Dave Taylor has been hacking shell scripts for over thirty years. Really. He's the author of the popular "Wicked Cool Shell Scripts" and can be found on Twitter as @DaveTaylor and more generally at www.DaveTaylorOnline.com.
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- Download "Linux Management with Red Hat Satellite: Measuring Business Impact and ROI"
- ContainerCon Vendors Offer Flexible Solutions for Managing All Your New Micro-VMs
- Updates from LinuxCon and ContainerCon, Toronto, August 2016
- What I Wish I’d Known When I Was an Embedded Linux Newbie
- Vi IMproved--Vim and Happy Hacking Keyboard Lite 2
- NVMe over Fabrics Support Coming to the Linux 4.8 Kernel
- New Version of GParted
- Tech Tip: Really Simple HTTP Server with Python
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