Coreboot at Your Service!
Both coreboot v2 and v3 allow you to use the QEMU emulator for doing all the above steps without worrying about bricking your hardware. Using an emulator also is handy when you want to develop a new payload or re-implement some feature of coreboot.
The steps for configuring and compiling coreboot for an emulated system are similar to those for the EPIA-M:
$ cd coreboot-v2/ $ ./buildtarget emulation/qemu-x86 $ cd emulation/qemu-x86/qemu-x86/ $ make
Before you can run the emulator, you need to to have a copy of a Video ROM/BIOS patched for use with QEMU, such as the one for Cirrus Logic card (www.coreboot.org/images/0/0d/Vgabios-cirrus.zip). Download the file, unzip it in the current directory and then run QEMU:
$ qemu -L . -hda /dev/zero
The latest version of coreboot (v3) doesn't include support for many motherboards yet, but anyone can evaluate coreboot v3 with an emulated system (Figure 4).
So, what are the major differences that distinguish coreboot v3 from the previous releases? First, the configuration mechanism is greatly revised. In previous releases, you had to edit configuration files manually. Now, you configure coreboot just as you configure the Linux kernel—using make menuconfig or make xconfig. Second, the coreboot image itself is nothing but a LAR archive. LAR is a coreboot-specific archiver. It allows you to add, edit and delete payloads in a single step; there's no need to recompile the entire image. Third, the process for producing the code has been simplified and is much more elegant than before. Fourth, the use of ROMCC has been dropped, and all C code now is compiled with gcc. Fifth, there is a growing community and improved documentation on the Web site, as well as feedback from some silicon companies.
So, let's take a look at coreboot v3. Get the source code from the repository and configure it:
$ svn co svn://coreboot.org/repos/trunk/coreboot-v3 $ make menuconfig ... $ make
Once this completes, the coreboot image is ready and can be found in build/coreboot.rom. To view the contents of coreboot.rom, you can use the LAR archiver (Listing 6):
$ build/util/lar/lar -l build/coreboot.rom
Listing 6. Output of LAR Archiver (Coreboot Image Contents)
normal/option_table (932 bytes @ 0x50); loadaddress 0x0 entry 0x0 normal/initram/segment0 (420 bytes @ 0x450); loadaddress 0x0 entry 0x0x40 normal/stage2/segment0 (194,780 bytes, zeroes compressed to 1 bytes @ 0x650); loadaddress 0x0xd7b0 entry 0x0x2000 normal/stage2/segment1 (34560 bytes, lzma compressed to 18320 bytes @ 0x6b0); loadaddress 0x0x2000 entry 0x0x2000 normal/stage2/segment2 (6076 bytes, lzma compressed to 356 bytes @ 0x4e90); loadaddress 0x0xbff4 entry 0x0x2000 normal/payload/segment0 (183,984 bytes, zeroes compressed to 1 bytes @ 0x5050); loadaddress 0x0x318e0 entry 0x0x19000 normal/payload/segment1 (100,552 bytes, lzma compressed to 78196 bytes @ 0x50b0); loadaddress 0x0x19000 entry 0x0x19000 bootblock (20480 bytes @ 0x3b000) Total size = 119314B 116KB (0x1d212)
As you can see, coreboot.rom is really just an archive file, so it can be “disassembled” and “reassembled”. Compiling from scratch is not required.
Most contemporary, proprietary BIOSes contain a BIOS setup program, where you can configure different settings, ranging from RAM parameters to the boot strategy. Currently, there is no such thing available for coreboot, but to illustrate the flexibility of coreboot, let's examine bayou.
Bayou was developed by AMD and contributed to the coreboot project last year. Bayou is a payload that itself is a container for further payloads, thereby allowing coreboot to choose among payloads at boot time via a menu. For instance, you could include a memtest payload, a FILO payload and even a tint payload (tint is a Tetris clone). As an example, let's build bayou with a tint payload.
To build tint, get the source and patch it:
$ wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/t/tint/ ↪tint_0.03b.tar.gz $ tar xfvz tint_0.03b.tar.gz $ cd tint-0.03b $ svn export svn://coreboot.org/repos/trunk/payloads/ ↪external/tint/libpayload_tint.patch $ patch -p1 < libpayload_tint.patch $ make
Then, get the bayou payload:
$ svn co svn://coreboot.org/repos/trunk/payloads/bayou $ cd bayou
Edit the bayou configuration file (bayou.xml), and add the required payloads (Listing 7).
Practical Task Scheduling Deployment
July 20, 2016 12:00 pm CDT
One of the best things about the UNIX environment (aside from being stable and efficient) is the vast array of software tools available to help you do your job. Traditionally, a UNIX tool does only one thing, but does that one thing very well. For example, grep is very easy to use and can search vast amounts of data quickly. The find tool can find a particular file or files based on all kinds of criteria. It's pretty easy to string these tools together to build even more powerful tools, such as a tool that finds all of the .log files in the /home directory and searches each one for a particular entry. This erector-set mentality allows UNIX system administrators to seem to always have the right tool for the job.
Cron traditionally has been considered another such a tool for job scheduling, but is it enough? This webinar considers that very question. The first part builds on a previous Geek Guide, Beyond Cron, and briefly describes how to know when it might be time to consider upgrading your job scheduling infrastructure. The second part presents an actual planning and implementation framework.
Join Linux Journal's Mike Diehl and Pat Cameron of Help Systems.
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- SUSE LLC's SUSE Manager
- My +1 Sword of Productivity
- Managing Linux Using Puppet
- Murat Yener and Onur Dundar's Expert Android Studio (Wrox)
- Non-Linux FOSS: Caffeine!
- Tech Tip: Really Simple HTTP Server with Python
- Doing for User Space What We Did for Kernel Space
- Rogue Wave Software's Zend Server
- Parsing an RSS News Feed with a Bash Script
- SuperTuxKart 0.9.2 Released
With all the industry talk about the benefits of Linux on Power and all the performance advantages offered by its open architecture, you may be considering a move in that direction. If you are thinking about analytics, big data and cloud computing, you would be right to evaluate Power. The idea of using commodity x86 hardware and replacing it every three years is an outdated cost model. It doesn’t consider the total cost of ownership, and it doesn’t consider the advantage of real processing power, high-availability and multithreading like a demon.
This ebook takes a look at some of the practical applications of the Linux on Power platform and ways you might bring all the performance power of this open architecture to bear for your organization. There are no smoke and mirrors here—just hard, cold, empirical evidence provided by independent sources. I also consider some innovative ways Linux on Power will be used in the future.Get the Guide