Although GIMP is useful, it's showing its age, and the time is coming soon when it either will adapt or be shuffled to the wayside by more capable tools. For the photographer working in Linux, as well as for the high-depth CGI artist, both Krita and CinePaint are welcome tools. Each is strong where the other is weak. As both programs continue to develop, we can expect great things from them—they have both proven themselves to be well-designed packages with deliberate and capable teams behind them. The odd mix of Darwinian competition and cooperation has given us a new generation of these tools, and they're ready to be used. Enjoy!
HDRI: Faking Film's High Bit Depth
High Dynamic Range Imaging was originally developed for lighting 3-D scenes, as a way to capture the real-world range of luminescence, and has been a boon to realistic 3-D lighting work for many years.
But, it has another use. By tone mapping the image, HDRI's wide contrast range can be represented in 8-bit space to stunning effect—preserving details in the shadows and minimizing clipping in highlights. As this aesthetic became popular, several techniques have developed to create HDRIs from digital snapshots and then convert them for display on monitors or in print.
Creating HDRI images from digital photographs requires Bracketed Exposure—taking a set of photos with different exposure settings to give a wider collective latitude than the camera natively allows (Figure A). Afterward, the bracketed images are combined into a single HDRI. Although this can be in the terminal, it's far easier with CinePaint's self-explanatory Bracket to HDR plugin (included in the package). Once created, the HDRI either can be turned into a light probe (for lighting a 3-D scene) or tone mapped for display and/or printing (Figure B).
Tone mapping interpolates an HDRI into 8-bit space without clipping the high and low ends—it compresses the image nonlinearly to preserve the details otherwise lost. The result is a much richer image than could normally be captured by 8-bit equipment. At the moment, tone mapping isn't available in CinePaint or Krita (although it is on Krita's to-do list). Instead, pfstools, a command-line suite of algorithms for configuring the interpolation curves, does the job.
Fortunately, for those of us who don't like experimenting blindly in the terminal, a thoughtful soul has written a GUI that offers the full range of options available at the command line, with a preview window. The program, Qpfstools, along with an introduction and tutorial, can be found here: theplaceofdeadroads.blogspot.com/2006/07/qpfstmo-hdr-tone-mapping-gui-for-linux_04.html.
Dan Sawyer is the founder of ArtisticWhispers Productions (www.artisticwhispers.com), a small audio/video studio in the San Francisco Bay Area. He has been an enthusiastic advocate for free and open-source software since the late 1990s, when he founded the Blenderwars filmmaking community (www.blenderwars.com). Current projects include the independent SF feature Hunting Kestral and The Sophia Project, a fine-art photography book centering on strong women in myth.
|HPC Cluster Grant Accepting Applications!||Jan 28, 2015|
|Sharing Admin Privileges for Many Hosts Securely||Jan 28, 2015|
|Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 beta available on IBM Power Platform||Jan 23, 2015|
|Designing with Linux||Jan 22, 2015|
|Wondershaper—QOS in a Pinch||Jan 21, 2015|
|Ideal Backups with zbackup||Jan 19, 2015|
- Designing with Linux
- Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.1 beta available on IBM Power Platform
- HPC Cluster Grant Accepting Applications!
- Wondershaper—QOS in a Pinch
- Internet of Things Blows Away CES, and it May Be Hunting for YOU Next
- Ideal Backups with zbackup
- Sharing Admin Privileges for Many Hosts Securely
- Slow System? iotop Is Your Friend
- Hats Off to Mozilla
- diff -u: What's New in Kernel Development
Editorial Advisory Panel
Thank you to our 2014 Editorial Advisors!
- Jeff Parent
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- Dennis Frey
- Philip Jacob
- Jay Kruizenga
- Steve Marquez
- Dave McAllister
- Craig Oda
- Mike Roberts
- Chris Stark
- Patrick Swartz
- David Lynch
- Alicia Gibb
- Thomas Quinlan
- Carson McDonald
- Kristen Shoemaker
- Charnell Luchich
- James Walker
- Victor Gregorio
- Hari Boukis
- Brian Conner
- David Lane