The (Near) Future of PowerPC and Linux

In the wake of Apple's decision to move from PowerPC to Intel, other vendors are stepping in to meet the Power demand.


In June of this year, Apple announced a two-year migration away from the
PowerPC to an Intel CPU. Although this transition marks a pivotal point in Apple's
history, the ramifications to a wide-spread, dedicated, diverse PowerPC
user base may not be immediately obvious to the CPU agnostic end user.

Architecture religion aside, the PowerPC historically has offered an improved
price/performance/power-consumption/density ratio wherein particular high
performance codes are found to run at a much higher level of performance than
on their x86/ia64 counterparts. The scientists, researchers and cluster
administrators who prefer the PowerPC in their laptops, desktops and
clusters may find one of these three critical components suddenly removed from their
procurement portfolio.

In the Apple traditional of instantaneous old product removal from all
channels following a new product launch, and with no common knowledge as to
which platform will transition to Intel first, the PowerPC user base is
left in a game of Russian roulette.

With the backing of
Power.org, an active, relatively
rapid movement is occurring to fill the perceived product void by computer OEMs and software
manufacturers whose product and customer foundation is built on the Power
architecture.

Mercury Computer Systems and Terra Soft Solutions, for one, have joined forces to bring
to market the dual 970 XR9. The XR9 is a 1U or 4U rackmount compute node
that offers a full-featured extended ATX motherboard and an array of
new-to-Power HPC components, including a user accessible service processor,
reprogrammable firmware, board-level monitor and controls and two independent
PCI-X buses.

The dual IBM PowerPC 970 CPUs on-board the XR9 are the same as those found in
the current PowerPC-based Apple Xserve product line, with an IBM Northbridge
born of the same family. This means code can be migrated easily from the Xserve
or BladeCenter JS20 to the XR9, where all are running Linux.

Traditionally, PowerPC has offered a strong computational architecture for
signal and image processing, where the on-board AltiVec unit enables 4 x 32-bit
processes to execute in parallel. With the introduction of the IBM
PowerPC 970, a CPU built from the union of a single core of a POWER4 and an
AltiVec unit, Apple's G5 and IBM's BladeCenter JS20 have found in-roads to
noteworthy supercomputing centers and sizable HPC clusters in a variety of
markets, ranging from geophysics to life sciences, from the Department of
Defense to NASA.

In comparison to Apple's 1U Xserve, the XR9 offers greater flexibility with
adherence to the extended ATX form-factor in both 1U and 4U rackmount chassis
and room for greater than 20 on-board SATA drives. The two independent PCI-X
channels make certain all hosted cards are running without conflict, at full
bandwidth. The on-board Flash ROM enables drive-less booting with use of the
forthcoming port of LinuxBIOS. And a user interface to the on-board service
processor reduces CPU load by assuming board-level monitoring and control.

The XR9 offers the following:

  • Extended ATX mainboard
  • Dual IBM PowerPC 970FX CPUs up to 2.4
    GHz
  • IBM CPC925 North bridge with 16-bit 400MHz
    HyperTransport cave, offering peer-to-peer access via reflected
    forward looping, 16-bit bus between Northbridge and first tunnel/PCI-X
    bridge and 8-bit buses between the tunnel/PCI-X bridge and south
    bridge

Extensive I/O offerings:

  • Dual Gigabit Ethernet
    ports
  • Single 10/100 Ethernet port off South
    bridge
  • 4 SATA channels
  • ATA133 IDE interface (Master +
    Slave)
  • 4 USB 1.1 ports
  • Dual RS-232 port
  • 2 independent PCI-X buses offering 3
    PCI-X slots
  • Optional Infiniband PCI-X HCA supporting
    dual 4X ports
  • Optional Serial FPDP PCI-X HCA
    supporting dual 2.5 gbaud ports

PowerPC 405EP Service and Control Processor:

  • I2C interface
  • 10/100 Ethernet port direct to Service
    Processor
  • RS-232 Serial port
  • System Management Bus
    Control
  • 32K NVRAM with Real Time
    Clock

Terra Soft is known for Yellow Dog Linux and Y-HPC, Red Hat/Fedora-based Linux operating systems for a diversity of Power
architecture computers, including Apple's historic and modern PowerPC product
line. Since 1983, Mercury has provided component-level and system-level
solutions that span hardware, software, silicon IP and services for
aerospace and defense, telecommunications, life sciences, energy, electronics
manufacturing, education and research.

Under contract with Mercury, Terra Soft completed the board support package
for the XR9 in the spring of this year. Terra Soft's 64-bit Y-HPC operating
system is supported by IBM's XLC++ and XLF compilers and Mercury's middleware
optimized libraries.

Terra Soft immediately offers the XR9 with 64-bit Y-HPC Linux OS pre-installed
as turn-key server and HPC cluster configurations. More information is
available
here.

Although Apple's announced migration to Intel was a shot heard round the world,
it it important to know that many OEMs specialize in Power
architecture products. Design and engineering teams are working hard to
quickly bring to market products that not only replace those commodity items
required to conduct business as usual, but improve upon the products
themselves and offer greater diversity.

Kai Staats is the co-founder and CEO of Terra Soft Solutions,
the developer of Yellow Dog Linux and Y-HPC for Power architecture
computers. Terra Soft's integrated solutions are trusted in
mission-critical enterprises, DoE, DoD, NASA and higher education
systems nationwide.

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And what about the software ...?

Otto Wyss's picture

It seems the Power.org really want's to push their Cell processor because everywhere, one can read about all the terrific features. But nowhere one can read about the applications running on the PowerPC. Why? Don't they recognise that you can't sell a system without the SW these days? Or do they think they have all the applications the ordinary users request? Or don't they know any solution? In that case they should have a look at wyoGuide (http://freshmeat.net/projects/wyoguide/).

I'm really wondering why the Power.org marketing their system so much before they have solved their biggest obstacle.

O. Wyss

It is clear that online Journ

Anonymous's picture

It is clear that online Journals lack something very important found with nearly every paper mag: an Editor.

This is some of the worst writing I have ever seen:

"With the introduction of the IBM PowerPC 970, a CPU built from the union of a single core of a POWER4 and an AltiVec unit, Apple's G5 and IBM's BladeCenter JS20 have found in-roads to noteworthy supercomputing centers and sizable HPC clusters in a variety of markets, ranging from geophysics to life sciences, from the Department of Defense to NASA."

Gibberish.

Quick solution to your proble

Anonymous's picture

Quick solution to your problem, find another e-zine =) If you care about the quality of this zine enough to post negative feedback as an anonymous poster apply for an editorial job here, or offer an alternative.

what's more distrurbing: advertising dressed as news

Anonymous's picture

what's more distrurbing is Linux Journal is allowing blatant advertising to appear in the editorial column. Shame on you, Linux Journal.

You can do better???

Anonymous's picture

Oh boy...how quick the typical human is to trash another's work. I take it that YOU can do better? I MIGHT believe it when I see it.

Sloppy writing, lack of editing

Wendell Cochran's picture

Another reader says 'the worst writing I've ever seen.' Well, I'm an editor, & I've seen a lot worse, but but when I saw that multiple-slash 'ratio' I cringed. How the hell can you have a ratio of more than two values?

Worse was to come, & worse came.

Author: Edit your own work. One thought, one sentence. Run your writing through the keyboard again. Simplify, simplify.

Publisher: Hire editors, or go into some other line of business.

Editors: Don't shirk.

Of course you can have a rati

Robert Wilkinson's picture

Of course you can have a ratio of more then 2 values.
Dont most recipes have more then 2 ingredients.
4 parts Rice: 2 parts broccolli: 3 parts Chicken: 8 parts water

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