Building a Two-Node Linux Cluster with Heartbeat
Both node1 and node2 must have Linux installed. I chose Red Hat and installed Red Hat 7.2 on node1 and Red Hat 6.2 on node2 (I simply wanted to find out if we could build a cluster with different versions of Linux installed on different nodes). Make sure you have installed all dæmons that you want to support. Here is my installation detail:
Hard disk partitions: 128MB for swap and the rest mounted for "/" (so that you don't need to worry about whether there is too much or not enough for a certain subdirectory).
Heartbeat is a part of Ultra Monkey (The Linux HA Project), and the RPM can be downloaded from www.UltraMonkey.org.
The download is small and RPM installation is smooth and simple. However, the document or HOWTO for configuration is hard to find and confusing. In fact, that is the reason I decided to write this HOWTO; so that hopefully you can get your cluster setup with less problems.
It is not the purpose of this article to show you how to install Red Hat; a lot of excellent documentation can be found at either www.linuxdoc.org or www.redhat.com. I will simply include some of the most important configuration files for your reference:
/etc/hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost 192.168.1.1 router 192.168.1.2 node1 192.168.1.3 node2
This file should be the same on both node1 and node2; you may add any other nodes as you see fit.
Check HOSTNAME (cat /etc/HOSTNAME) and make sure it returns either node1 or node2. If not, you can use this command (uname -n > /etc/HOSTNAME) to fix the hostname problem.
ifconfig for node1
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:97:9C:52:28 inet addr:192.168.1.2 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:18617 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:14682 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:3 txqueuelen:100 Interrupt:10 Base address:0x6800 eth0:0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:97:9C:52:28 inet addr:192.168.1.4 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 Interrupt:10 Base address:0x6800 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0 UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:3924 Metric:1 RX packets:38 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:38 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
Please notice that eth0:0 shows the IP aliasing with IP 192.168.1.4.
ifconfig for node2
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:08:26:B2:A4 inet addr:192.168.1.2 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:15673 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:17550 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:2 txqueuelen:100 Interrupt:10 Base address:0x6700 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0 UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:3924 Metric:1 RX packets:142 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:142 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
If you are using Internet Explorer on Windows, you might have problems accessing FTP (Netscape works much better). I suggest you either use a command-line FTP or an FTP Windows/X Window System client (e.g., wu_ftp) to access the FTP site of Ultra Monkey (ftp.UltraMonkey.org).
Once you log in to the FTP server of Ultra Monkey, go to pub, then UltraMonkey and then the latest version 1.0.2 (not the beta). The only package is heartbeat-0.4.9-1.um.1.i386.rpm; save heartbeat-0.4.9-1.um.1.i386.rpm on your Linux box, log in as root and install it with
rpm -ivh heartbeat-0.4.9-1.um.1.i386.rpm
|Using Salt Stack and Vagrant for Drupal Development||May 20, 2013|
|Making Linux and Android Get Along (It's Not as Hard as It Sounds)||May 16, 2013|
|Drupal Is a Framework: Why Everyone Needs to Understand This||May 15, 2013|
|Home, My Backup Data Center||May 13, 2013|
|Non-Linux FOSS: Seashore||May 10, 2013|
|Trying to Tame the Tablet||May 08, 2013|
- Making Linux and Android Get Along (It's Not as Hard as It Sounds)
- Using Salt Stack and Vagrant for Drupal Development
- New Products
- RSS Feeds
- Validate an E-Mail Address with PHP, the Right Way
- Drupal Is a Framework: Why Everyone Needs to Understand This
- A Topic for Discussion - Open Source Feature-Richness?
- Home, My Backup Data Center
- New Products
- Tech Tip: Really Simple HTTP Server with Python
- Connecting Android device to desktop Linux via USB
15 min ago
- Find new cell phone and tablet pc
1 hour 13 min ago
2 hours 41 min ago
- Automatically updating Guest Additions
3 hours 50 min ago
- I like your topic on android
4 hours 36 min ago
- Reply to comment | Linux Journal
4 hours 58 min ago
- This is the easiest tutorial
11 hours 12 min ago
- Ahh, the Koolaid.
16 hours 51 min ago
- git-annex assistant
22 hours 50 min ago
- direct cable connection
23 hours 13 min ago
Enter to Win an Adafruit Prototyping Pi Plate Kit for Raspberry Pi
It's Raspberry Pi month at Linux Journal. Each week in May, Adafruit will be giving away a Pi-related prize to a lucky, randomly drawn LJ reader. Winners will be announced weekly.
Fill out the fields below to enter to win this week's prize-- a Prototyping Pi Plate Kit for Raspberry Pi.
Congratulations to our winners so far:
- 5-8-13, Pi Starter Pack: Jack Davis
- 5-15-13, Pi Model B 512MB RAM: Patrick Dunn
- Next winner announced on 5-21-13!
Free Webinar: Linux Backup and Recovery
Most companies incorporate backup procedures for critical data, which can be restored quickly if a loss occurs. However, fewer companies are prepared for catastrophic system failures, in which they lose all data, the entire operating system, applications, settings, patches and more, reducing their system(s) to “bare metal.” After all, before data can be restored to a system, there must be a system to restore it to.
In this one hour webinar, learn how to enhance your existing backup strategies for better disaster recovery preparedness using Storix System Backup Administrator (SBAdmin), a highly flexible bare-metal recovery solution for UNIX and Linux systems.