Debugging Web Sites
I know, I'm in the middle of a series of columns about how to work with ImageMagick on the command line, but when other things arise, well, I imagine that a lot of you are somehow involved in the management of servers or systems, so you all understand firefighting.
Of course, this means you all also understand the negative feedback loop that is an intrinsic part of system administration and IT management. I mean, people don't call you and the CEO doesn't send a memo saying, "system worked all day, printer even printed. Thanks!"
Nope, it's when things go wrong that you hear about them, and that propensity to ignore the good and have to deal with the bad when it crops up is not only a characteristic of being in corporate IT, it's just as true if you're running your own system—which is how it jumped out of the pond and bit me this month.
It all started ten years ago with my Ask Dave Taylor site. You've probably bumped into it, as it's been around for more than a decade and served helpful tutorial information for tens of millions of visitors in that period.
Ten years ago, the choice of Movable Type as my blogging platform made total sense and was a smart alternative to the raw, unfinished WordPress platform with its never-ending parade of hacks and problems. As every corporate IT person knows, however, sometimes you get locked in to the wrong platform and are then stuck, with the work required to migrate becoming greater and greater each month nothing happens.
For the site's tenth anniversary, therefore, it was time. I had to bite the bullet and migrate all 3,800 articles and 56,000 comments from Movable Type to WordPress, because yes, WordPress won and is clearly the industry standard for content management systems today.
The task was daunting, not just because of the size of the import (it required the consulting team rewriting the standard import tool to work with that many articles and comments), but because the naming scheme changed. On Movable Type, I'd always had it set to convert the article's name into a URL like this:
Name: Getting Started with Pinterest
That was easy and straightforward, but on WordPress, URLs have dashes, not underscores, and, more important, they don't end with .html because they're generated dynamically as needed. This means the default URL for the new WordPress site would look like this:
New URL: /getting-started-with-pinterest/
URLs can be mapped upon import so that the default dashes become underscores, but it was the suffix that posed a problem, and post-import there were 3,800 URLs that were broken because every single link to xx_xx.html failed.
Ah! A 301 redirect! Yes, but thousands of redirects slow down the server for everyone, so a rewrite rule is better. Within Apache, you can specify "if you see a URL of the form xx_xx.html, rewrite it to 'xx_xx' and try again", a darn handy capability.
But life is never that easy, because although this rewrite will work for 95% of the URLs on the old site, there were some that just ended up with a different URL because I'd monkeyed with things somewhere along the way. Yeah, there's always something.
For example, the old site URL /schedule_facebook_photo_upload_fan_page.html is now on the server with the URL /schedule-a-facebook-photo-upload-to-my-fan-page/.
That's helpful, right? (Sigh.)
These all can be handled with a 301 redirect, but the question is, out of almost 4,000 article URLs on the old site, which ones don't actually successfully map with the rewrite rule (.html to a trailing slash) to a page on the new server?
Dave Taylor has been hacking shell scripts for over thirty years. Really. He's the author of the popular "Wicked Cool Shell Scripts" and can be found on Twitter as @DaveTaylor and more generally at www.DaveTaylorOnline.com.
- August 2015 Issue of Linux Journal: Programming
- Django Models and Migrations
- Hacking a Safe with Bash
- Secure Server Deployments in Hostile Territory, Part II
- The Controversy Behind Canonical's Intellectual Property Policy
- Huge Package Overhaul for Debian and Ubuntu
- Shashlik - a Tasty New Android Simulator
- KDE Reveals Plasma Mobile
- Embed Linux in Monitoring and Control Systems
- diff -u: What's New in Kernel Development