Hack and / - Linux Troubleshooting, Part I: High Load
Listing 4. Example iotop Tool Output
Total DISK READ: 189.52 K/s | Total DISK WRITE: 0.00 B/s TID PRIO USER DISK READ DISK WRITE SWAPIN IO> COMMAND 8169 be/4 root 189.52 K/s 0.00 B/s 0.00 % 0.00 % rsync --server --se 4243 be/4 kyle 0.00 B/s 3.79 K/s 0.00 % 0.00 % cli /usr/lib/gnome- 4244 be/4 kyle 0.00 B/s 3.79 K/s 0.00 % 0.00 % cli /usr/lib/gnome- 1 be/4 root 0.00 B/s 0.00 B/s 0.00 % 0.00 % init
How you deal with these load-causing processes is up to you and depends on a lot of factors. In some cases, you might have a script that has gone out of control and is something you can easily kill. In other situations, such as in the case of a database process, it might not be safe simply to kill the process, because it could leave corrupted data behind. Plus, it could just be that your service is running out of capacity, and the real solution is either to add more resources to your current server or add more servers to share the load. It might even be load from a one-time job that is running on the machine and shouldn't impact load in the future, so you just can let the process complete. Because so many different things can cause processes to tie up server resources, it's hard to list them all here, but hopefully, being able to identify the causes of your high load will put you on the right track the next time you get an alert that a machine is slow.
Kyle Rankin is a Systems Architect in the San Francisco Bay Area and the author of a number of books, including The Official Ubuntu Server Book, Knoppix Hacks and Ubuntu Hacks. He is currently the president of the North Bay Linux Users' Group.
Kyle Rankin is VP of engineering operations at Final, Inc., the author of many books including Linux Hardening in Hostile Networks, DevOps Troubleshooting and The Official Ubuntu Server Book, and a columnist for Linux Journal. Follow him @kylerankin
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