Dealing with Spaces in Filenames

Just grabbed a copy of the magazine from the bookstore but it was still the February edition. I am responding to callout at the end of the "Working the Shell" article on "Dealing with Spaces in Filenames" by Dave Taylor. This is my first time on the forum and I couldn't find an existing thread on this so I'm starting this one. Sorry if this is the wrong place to do this.

I'm a little unclear about some things Dave says on IFS. At one point, he quotes the Bash man page's IFS entry under the Shell Variables heading and then goes on to say that this doesn't really solve our filename problem. Later in the article he includes IFS in his possible solution paths. I'm not really sure if this is contradictory here or if I'm missing something.

As it happens, I do actually use IFS for exactly this purpose. The Bash man page is in dire need of an update. This is unfortunate because IFS is used in other areas of the Bash shell. This entry in the man page should reflect that broader scope. Actually, if you search the man page for IFS, you'll see many hits, notably under the Expansion > Word Splitting heading.

Here is how I use IFS for this purpose:

#!/bin/sh

FILENAMES=$(ls)

OIFS="$IFS"
IFS=$'\n'
for x in $FILENAMES
do
 echo "$x"
done
IFS="$OIFS"

By setting IFS in this way, we are removing the space and tab portions of its definition. Now we are getting exactly what we want which is separation, or word splitting, on newline characters only.

It's important to note that a lot of people believe 'unset IFS' will revert revert IFS back to the default value. This is actually not true. This will really just set IFS to null. According to the man page, (which is accurate this time) when IFS is set to null and is used by a builtin it is assumed to be a space. This is in contrast to the default value of "\s\t\n". By creating and setting OIFS to equal IFS (the double quotes here are required to make this work correctly!) we can restore it to the original value later.

Is this what Dave was looking for?

P.S. The example script above will also handle the quoted filenames from the article.

This is fantastic! I love the

melanie14's picture

This is fantastic! I love the idea! I can't wait to see if these things will work. Thanks!

Webinar
One Click, Universal Protection: Implementing Centralized Security Policies on Linux Systems

As Linux continues to play an ever increasing role in corporate data centers and institutions, ensuring the integrity and protection of these systems must be a priority. With 60% of the world's websites and an increasing share of organization's mission-critical workloads running on Linux, failing to stop malware and other advanced threats on Linux can increasingly impact an organization's reputation and bottom line.

Learn More

Sponsored by Bit9

Webinar
Linux Backup and Recovery Webinar

Most companies incorporate backup procedures for critical data, which can be restored quickly if a loss occurs. However, fewer companies are prepared for catastrophic system failures, in which they lose all data, the entire operating system, applications, settings, patches and more, reducing their system(s) to “bare metal.” After all, before data can be restored to a system, there must be a system to restore it to.

In this one hour webinar, learn how to enhance your existing backup strategies for better disaster recovery preparedness using Storix System Backup Administrator (SBAdmin), a highly flexible bare-metal recovery solution for UNIX and Linux systems.

Learn More

Sponsored by Storix