Dealing with Spaces in Filenames
Just grabbed a copy of the magazine from the bookstore but it was still the February edition. I am responding to callout at the end of the "Working the Shell" article on "Dealing with Spaces in Filenames" by Dave Taylor. This is my first time on the forum and I couldn't find an existing thread on this so I'm starting this one. Sorry if this is the wrong place to do this.
I'm a little unclear about some things Dave says on IFS. At one point, he quotes the Bash man page's IFS entry under the Shell Variables heading and then goes on to say that this doesn't really solve our filename problem. Later in the article he includes IFS in his possible solution paths. I'm not really sure if this is contradictory here or if I'm missing something.
As it happens, I do actually use IFS for exactly this purpose. The Bash man page is in dire need of an update. This is unfortunate because IFS is used in other areas of the Bash shell. This entry in the man page should reflect that broader scope. Actually, if you search the man page for IFS, you'll see many hits, notably under the Expansion > Word Splitting heading.
Here is how I use IFS for this purpose:
#!/bin/sh FILENAMES=$(ls) OIFS="$IFS" IFS=$'\n' for x in $FILENAMES do echo "$x" done IFS="$OIFS"
By setting IFS in this way, we are removing the space and tab portions of its definition. Now we are getting exactly what we want which is separation, or word splitting, on newline characters only.
It's important to note that a lot of people believe 'unset IFS' will revert revert IFS back to the default value. This is actually not true. This will really just set IFS to null. According to the man page, (which is accurate this time) when IFS is set to null and is used by a builtin it is assumed to be a space. This is in contrast to the default value of "\s\t\n". By creating and setting OIFS to equal IFS (the double quotes here are required to make this work correctly!) we can restore it to the original value later.
Is this what Dave was looking for?
P.S. The example script above will also handle the quoted filenames from the article.
Webinar: 8 Signs You’re Beyond Cron
On Demand NOW
Join Linux Journal and Pat Cameron, Director of Automation Technology at HelpSystems, as they discuss the eight primary advantages of moving beyond cron job scheduling. In this webinar, you’ll learn about integrating cron with an enterprise scheduler.View Now!
|My Humble Little Game Collection||May 28, 2015|
|New Linux Based OS Brings Internet of Things Closer to Reality||May 27, 2015|
|Non-Linux FOSS: All the Bitcoin, None of the Bloat||May 26, 2015|
|Dr Hjkl on the Command Line||May 21, 2015|
|Initializing and Managing Services in Linux: Past, Present and Future||May 20, 2015|
|Goodbye, Pi. Hello, C.H.I.P.||May 18, 2015|
- My Humble Little Game Collection
- New Linux Based OS Brings Internet of Things Closer to Reality
- Initializing and Managing Services in Linux: Past, Present and Future
- Dr Hjkl on the Command Line
- Using Hiera with Puppet
- Non-Linux FOSS: All the Bitcoin, None of the Bloat
- Infinite BusyBox with systemd
- Gartner Dubs DivvyCloud Cool Cloud Management Vendor
- Goodbye, Pi. Hello, C.H.I.P.
- It's Easier to Ask Forgiveness...