Now, if this seems like a lot of work just to get started with LESS, you're right. And in general, you probably won't want to start off adjusting the source LESS files, but rather just playing with the resulting CSS classes and other goodies Bootstrap provides. To do that, you simply can take a snapshot of the compiled CSS files created by LESS. One quick-and-dirty way to do this is to grab the CSS file that came with the Bootstrap documentation; although you won't be able to change things in the LESS source, it's good enough for beginning purposes. Just look in docs/assets/css/bootstrap.css, and copy that into your Web project.
A middle ground, which allows you to customize things easily but doesn't require that you install and use the LESS compiler each time, is to use the Bootstrap configure-and-download functionality, from the Bootstrap home page. Enter the colors and basic design paradigms you want to use, and you'll get a custom CSS file delivered to your browser.
In every case except for the in-browser LESS compiler, you always will end up with a CSS file, typically named bootstrap.css. This file should be placed, not surprisingly, alongside your other CSS files, and then incorporated into your HTML file in the standard way:
<link href="/bootstrap.css" media="all" ↪rel="stylesheet" type="text/css"/>
If you fire up your HTML file with just that, you'll see...well, almost nothing. A little bit has changed, namely the default fonts and margins (which probably have disappeared). But for the most part, you really haven't changed anything, and there aren't any obvious benefits. That's because Bootstrap is an à la carte system, in which you can take any or all of it, depending on your interests and needs.
That said, one thing that you'll almost certainly want to do is add a div tag with the "container" class immediately within your body tag, as follows:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <h3>ATF</h3> <link href="bootstrap.css" media="all" rel="stylesheet" ↪type="text/css" /> </head> <body> <div class="container"> <h1>Title</h1> <p>Body</p> <p>Body 2 <ul> <li>Thing One</li> <li>Thing Two</li> <li>Thing Three</li> </ul> </p> </div> </body> </html>
If your system is like mine, you'll see that the contents have shifted over to the right, with a large left-hand margin. Actually, the size of the margin depends on the width of your browser. By using a div within the body, the width of that div can stay relatively stable, even as the browser width changes around it.
Now, things truly become interesting when you start to divide your file into separate rows. You see, Twitter Bootstrap provides you with a grid—meaning that you divide your text into rows, and that each row consists of content, each of which consumes a certain number of columns. Bootstrap uses a 12-column grid, meaning that within any row, you can mix and match text using any combination of 12 columns. You indicate how many columns wide something should be by assigning a class of "spanN" to your HTML element, where N is a number between 1 and 12, inclusive.
For example, you can have a wide paragraph as follows:
<div class="row"> <p class="span12">Wide paragraph. Very wide paragraph. Super-duper wide paragraph. Fill the screen's width paragraph. Use lots of text to fill the screen's width paragraph.</p> </div>
Reuven M. Lerner, Linux Journal Senior Columnist, a longtime Web developer, consultant and trainer, is completing his PhD in learning sciences at Northwestern University.
Pick up any e-commerce web or mobile app today, and you’ll be holding a mashup of interconnected applications and services from a variety of different providers. For instance, when you connect to Amazon’s e-commerce app, cookies, tags and pixels that are monitored by solutions like Exact Target, BazaarVoice, Bing, Shopzilla, Liveramp and Google Tag Manager track every action you take. You’re presented with special offers and coupons based on your viewing and buying patterns. If you find something you want for your birthday, a third party manages your wish list, which you can share through multiple social- media outlets or email to a friend. When you select something to buy, you find yourself presented with similar items as kind suggestions. And when you finally check out, you’re offered the ability to pay with promo codes, gifts cards, PayPal or a variety of credit cards.Get the Guide
|SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension||Mar 29, 2017|
|Hybrid Cloud Storage Delivers Performance and Value||Mar 29, 2017|
|smbclient Security for Windows Printing and File Transfer||Mar 28, 2017|
|How to Calculate Flash Storage TCO||Mar 27, 2017|
|Non-Linux FOSS: Don't Drink the Apple Kool-Aid; Brew Your Own!||Mar 27, 2017|
|Three EU Industries That Need HPC Now||Mar 25, 2017|
- smbclient Security for Windows Printing and File Transfer
- Hybrid Cloud Storage Delivers Performance and Value
- Returning Values from Bash Functions
- SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension
- Preseeding Full Disk Encryption
- William Rothwell and Nick Garner's Certified Ethical Hacker Complete Video Course (Pearson IT Certification)
- Non-Linux FOSS: Don't Drink the Apple Kool-Aid; Brew Your Own!
- Hodge Podge
- HOSTING Monitoring Insights
- How to Calculate Flash Storage TCO