Resizing Images with ImageMagick
Rather than use the
bc statements from the original script,
let's make ImageMagick do the work by having this workflow:
Convert image to resized image and save as temp file.
identifyto get new dimensions of temp file.
Create new filename based on geometry.
Rename temp file to new filename with geometry specified.
It turns out it's a lot less work, because mathematics are no longer required, which is a good thing!
The hardest part is to create the new filename, which involves more lines of code than the conversion itself. It involves figuring out the filename suffix, chopping the filename up and building a new one that inserts the new image geometry in the middle.
Here's the result (it's long):
#!/bin/sh convert=/usr/bin/convert identify=/usr/bin/identify resize=$1 source=$2 if [ -z "$resize" -o -z "$source" ] ; then echo "Usage: $0 resize sourcefile"; ;exit 1 fi if [ ! -r $source ] ; then echo "Error: can't read source file $source" ; exit 1 fi # let's grab the filename suffix filetype=$(echo $source | rev | cut -d. -f1 | rev) tempfile="resize.$filetype" # temp file name # create the newly sized temp version of the image $convert $source -resize $resize $tempfile # figure out geometry, the assemble new filename geometry=$($identify $tempfile | cut -d\ -f3 ) newfilebase=$(echo $source | sed "s/$filetype//") newfilename=$newfilebase$geometry.$filetype # rename temp file and we're done mv $tempfile $newfilename echo \*\* resized $source to new size $resize. result = $newfilename exit 0
That's it. It's not incredibly complicated if you go through it step by step. In fact, go back to the four-step algorithm I presented earlier. That's almost exactly duplicated in the comments within the script.
The only nuance is the sequence for
newfilename assembly, which just
strings together a series of variables to have their values tucked
Let's give it a whirl and see what happens:
sh resize.sh 50% pvp.jpg ** resized pvp.jpg to new size 50%. result = pvp.485x153.jpg
I'm skeptical, so let's test the new image file by using
identify to get its dimensions:
$ identify pvp.485x153.jpg pvp.485x153.jpg JPEG 485x153 485x153+0+0 8-bit DirectClass 44.7kb
Perfect. More important, look at how the image size has shrunk as a result of it being scaled down 50%:
$ ls -l pvp.jpg pvp.485x153.jpg -rw-rw-r-- 1 taylor taylor 45751 Oct 9 04:14 pvp.485x153.jpg -rw-r--r-- 1 taylor taylor 130347 Sep 5 08:20 pvp.jpg
A definite win and a pretty handy script to keep around.
Of course, better positional parameter checking and a quick check to ensure that the resize parameter isn't something crazy would be good coding, but it's not a bad script that serves a very useful purpose.
So that's it. In my next article, I plan to take a look at adding embossing—text that's superimposed over a graphic—as an easy way to watermark sets of photos from the command line. Until then, cheerio!
Dave Taylor has been hacking shell scripts for over thirty years. Really. He's the author of the popular "Wicked Cool Shell Scripts" and can be found on Twitter as @DaveTaylor and more generally at www.DaveTaylorOnline.com.
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- August 2015 Issue of Linux Journal: Programming
- Django Models and Migrations
- Hacking a Safe with Bash
- Secure Server Deployments in Hostile Territory, Part II
- The Controversy Behind Canonical's Intellectual Property Policy
- Huge Package Overhaul for Debian and Ubuntu
- Shashlik - a Tasty New Android Simulator
- Embed Linux in Monitoring and Control Systems
- KDE Reveals Plasma Mobile
- diff -u: What's New in Kernel Development