An Introduction to GCC Compiler Intrinsics in Vector Processing
Finally, here are some performance tips.
First, get a recent compiler and use the best code generation options. (Check the info pages that come with your compiler for things like the -mcpu option.)
Second, profile your code. Humans are bad at guessing where the bottlenecks are. Fix the bottlenecks, not other parts.
Third, get the most work you can from each vector operation by using the vector with the narrowest type elements that your data will fit into. Get the most work you can in each time slice by having enough work that you keep your vector hardware busy. Take big bites of data. If your vector hardware can handle a lot of vectors at the same time, use them. However, exceeding the number of vector registers you have available will slow things down. (Check your processor's documentation.)
Fourth, don't re-invent the wheel. Intel, Freescale and ARM all offer libraries and code samples to help you get the most from their processors. These include Intel's Integrated Performance Primitives, Freescale's libmotovec and ARM's OpenMAX.
In summary, GCC offers intrinsics that allow you to get more from your processor without the work of going all the way to assembly. We have covered basic types and some of the vector math functions. When you use intrinsics, make sure you test thoroughly. Test for speed and correctness against a scalar version of your code. Different features of each processor and how well they operate means that this is a wide open field. The more effort you put into it, the more you will get out.
The GCC include files that map intrinsics to compiler built-ins (eg arm_neon.h) and the GCC info pages that explain those built-ins:http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Target-Builtins.html
Integrated Performance Primitives
Freescale AltiVec Libs for Linux
AltiVec TM Technology Programming Interface Manual
Ian Ollmann's Altivec Tutorial
RealView Compilation Tools Compiler Reference Guide (especially Appendix E)
RealView Compilation Tools Assembler Guide (esp chapter 5)
Intel C++ Intrinsics Reference
One Click, Universal Protection: Implementing Centralized Security Policies on Linux Systems
Join editor Bill Childers and Bit9's Paul Riegle on April 27 at 12pm Central to learn how to keep your Linux systems secure.
Free to Linux Journal readers.Register Now!
- Python Scripts as a Replacement for Bash Utility Scripts
- Considering Legacy UNIX/Linux Issues
- [<Megashare>] Watch Mrs Brown's Boys Movie Online Full Movie HD 2014
- Cluetrain at Fifteen
- Memory Ordering in Modern Microprocessors, Part I
- New Products
- Getting Good Vibrations with Linux
- Security Hardening with Ansible
- RSS Feeds
- Tech Tip: Really Simple HTTP Server with Python