Video Art: Experimental Animation and Video Techniques in Linux
There are several ways to turn frames into motion via the command line.
jpegtoavi is a simple C script that does exactly what its name
suggests—converts a sequence of *.jpg files into an AVI movie. If your
images are not in the JPEG format, you first can convert them using the
convert command from ImageMagick:
convert image.png image.jpg
If you need to convert a batch of images in a folder, ImageMagick
grants you about a gazillion different methods. One of these is to
cd to that directory and do:
convert *.png image.jpg
The new filenames will be numbered automatically.
Once you have your folder of sequenced JPEG files, you can employ jpegtoavi. A basic usage template from the man page is:
jpegtoavi -f fps width height img1 [img2 ... imgN]
Although jpegtoavi is nice for simple tasks, minimal documentation exists. I was surprised to find that none of the main Web sites hosting downloads of the software provided any type of wiki or instructions beyond what already was in the man page and README.
You can do more-advanced encoding with FFmpeg and MEncoder, both of which are heavily documented on-line and in their man pages. These programs both rely on libavcodec and have many overlapping uses, but the command formats are different. For this article, I cover only FFmpeg.
This will convert a folder of GIF files sequenced as "image-001", "image-002" and so forth into an MP4 movie file with a framerate of 10 frames per second and a reasonably high bitrate of 1800:
ffmpeg -r 10 -b 1800 -i image-%03d.gif movie.mp4
Make sure your files are named properly, because encoding will stop early if the program encounters a gap in the number sequence.
If you're a citizen of the Internet, you've no doubt noticed the recent proliferation of animated GIFs on sites like Tumblr.com. Now that more people have access to high-bandwidth network connections, the GIF art form is not so limited in resolution and number of frames as it was in the 1990s when tiny GIF animations originally rose to popularity in Geocities and Angelfire home pages. Modern GIF animations often display entire scenes from movies.
So, are you ready to pimp out some mad GIF skills?
With ImageMagick, it's easy to fashion an animated GIF from a sequence of non-GIF images:
cd /path/to/image/folder ; convert *.jpg animation.gif
The mother of all command-line GIF manipulation programs though is Gifsicle. Your images must already be in the GIF format to use it.
To create a GIF that animates just once, do:
gifsicle image1.gif image2.gif image3.gif > animation.gif
In most cases, you'll want your animated GIF to loop endlessly. You also may want to specify parameters, such as framerate. Try this for a dithered animation that loops at 10 frames per second:
gifsicle --loopcount=0 --delay 10 --dither image1.gif image2.gif image3.gif > animation.gif
You also can use Gifsicle in reverse mode—that is, to extract
the individual frames from an animated GIF. Just use the
gifsicle --explode animation.gif
Now, go out (and by "out", I mean to your nearest terminal) and explore all the neat tricks you can do with Gifsicle!
Here's one more to wet your feet:
Take a ready-made animated GIF with a white background and make it transparent:
gifsicle --transparent '#FFFFFF' --disposal 2 animation.gif > animation-transparent.gif
Rebecca "Ruji" Chapnik is a freelance creator of miscellanea, including but not limited to text and images. You can find her experiments at http://rujic.net
Practical Task Scheduling Deployment
One of the best things about the UNIX environment (aside from being stable and efficient) is the vast array of software tools available to help you do your job. Traditionally, a UNIX tool does only one thing, but does that one thing very well. For example, grep is very easy to use and can search vast amounts of data quickly. The find tool can find a particular file or files based on all kinds of criteria. It's pretty easy to string these tools together to build even more powerful tools, such as a tool that finds all of the .log files in the /home directory and searches each one for a particular entry. This erector-set mentality allows UNIX system administrators to seem to always have the right tool for the job.
Cron traditionally has been considered another such a tool for job scheduling, but is it enough? This webinar considers that very question. The first part builds on a previous Geek Guide, Beyond Cron, and briefly describes how to know when it might be time to consider upgrading your job scheduling infrastructure. The second part presents an actual planning and implementation framework.
Join Linux Journal's Mike Diehl and Pat Cameron of Help Systems.
Free to Linux Journal readers.View Now!
|The Firebird Project's Firebird Relational Database||Jul 29, 2016|
|Stunnel Security for Oracle||Jul 28, 2016|
|SUSE LLC's SUSE Manager||Jul 21, 2016|
|My +1 Sword of Productivity||Jul 20, 2016|
|Non-Linux FOSS: Caffeine!||Jul 19, 2016|
|Murat Yener and Onur Dundar's Expert Android Studio (Wrox)||Jul 18, 2016|
- The Firebird Project's Firebird Relational Database
- Stunnel Security for Oracle
- My +1 Sword of Productivity
- Non-Linux FOSS: Caffeine!
- SUSE LLC's SUSE Manager
- Managing Linux Using Puppet
- Murat Yener and Onur Dundar's Expert Android Studio (Wrox)
- Parsing an RSS News Feed with a Bash Script
- Doing for User Space What We Did for Kernel Space
- Google's SwiftShader Released
With all the industry talk about the benefits of Linux on Power and all the performance advantages offered by its open architecture, you may be considering a move in that direction. If you are thinking about analytics, big data and cloud computing, you would be right to evaluate Power. The idea of using commodity x86 hardware and replacing it every three years is an outdated cost model. It doesn’t consider the total cost of ownership, and it doesn’t consider the advantage of real processing power, high-availability and multithreading like a demon.
This ebook takes a look at some of the practical applications of the Linux on Power platform and ways you might bring all the performance power of this open architecture to bear for your organization. There are no smoke and mirrors here—just hard, cold, empirical evidence provided by independent sources. I also consider some innovative ways Linux on Power will be used in the future.Get the Guide