Linux in Government: Major Breakthrough in Linux Technology
Often, technology breakthroughs never see the light of day. Sometimes, they pop up and people simply go "ho-hum". I've had personal experiences with that kind of reception in the past and understand the frustrations and disappointments.
When you conceive an idea and bring it into reality, you have an expectation of an immediate embrace. In your mind, you see something like a ticker-tape parade welcome. But, then the phone doesn't ring, and the press release gets set on the shelf.
In the era of information overload, perhaps some people think of new technology as another thing with which they have to cope. They immediately put it off until tomorrow. But tomorrow never comes, so they put it to the side.
The same phenomenon occurs within the media. Many writers do not understand their beats. Instead, they regurgitate press releases, opinions of people in their networks and the insights of others.
Then, we have the skeptics and the "so-what" crowd. I read a comment following an article about FreeNX that said, "Excuse me if I'm skeptical of something that will claim to change the world". The comment came after numerous testimonials about how great FreeNX works in schools and companies.
Despite all of this, Fabian Franz and Kurt Pfeifle have a breakthrough technology. They created the first usable implementation of the GPL version of NX. In an interview conducted around the time FreeNX was announced, they expressed extreme optimism about their project's future. You can sense their vision and euphoria simply by reading the interview. In short, they expected their project to run away from them.
But Freinz and Pfeifle's project, the FreeNX project, has not received the coverage it deserves. Certainly, their dreams and aspirations have not yet materialized fully. Compared to VNC and Microsoft's RDP, the media treats NX seems like a blip on the screen, in spite of its vastly superior nature.
Gian Filippo Pinzari, who developed the original NX code, may have similar feelings, as he discontinued the NX developers and users mailing-lists on May 25th, 2005. He hopes to see the mailing-lists move to the FreeNX project. He explained his reasons in an e-mail dated May 19. Here's an excerpt:
It is not easy to build a presence in the Linux market...
We want to remain collaborative while being paid for support. We want to give away most of the software we produce and keep selling some of it. We want to dedicate ourselves to bringing an idea to success, invest money and most of our time, gather talents, cultivate a culture, remain entrepreneurs while being developers. They are all freedoms that, for us, are as important as having the chance of modifying the source code. In a perfect OSS world, users must be free to choose their software and avoid being locked into a single solution. At the same time, thousands of Linux companies around the world must be free to grow a business while remaining independent. If you like freedom as we do, you will surely understand our point.
Quite eloquently, Gian Filippo Pinzari sums up the dreams and aspirations of many open-source visionaries. He runs a small but growing company. In the spirit of free/open-source software, he released his core technology under GPL licenses.
Perhaps Pinzari has moments when he questions the viability of that decision. For those with an eye for significant discoveries, FreeNX should follow the successful open-source business model: give away the recipe and sell the cake.
For technically inclined people, imagine X server technology with compression so tight that GNOME and KDE sessions run over modems with SSH encryption. Image lightening-fast thin clients that use tiny amounts of bandwidth and handle audio and video, printing and session suspension instead of termination. Imagine real virtual KVM switches without hardware. Say goodbye to SunRay servers and all the thin clients that never lived up to their promise. Think about real heterogeneous interoperability on PCs and devices that scale.
For the less technically inclined, imagine system administrators being able to see and operate every server in their data centers with a single keyboard, video console and mouse--without a hardwire switch and hundreds of cables.
Or, imagine that when you call for support, someone logs on to your computer remotely and fixes it. Imagine logging onto your computer for work and forgetting you're at home. Or, imagine setting up a single computer in a closet that everyone in the family can access from an inexpensive device, and you control the content. How about clients for PlayStation2, iPAQ or Zaurus 5XXX?
Gian Filippo Pinzari invented NX based on X. He took the fat and insecure X client/server and utilized inventive compression to make it very thin. His company, NoMachine.com, released the code under the GPL license in 2003. Now, the Open Source community has something that goes beyond the "me-too" category. Some users have referred to FreeNX as a Citrix and Windows Terminal Server killer.
Fast/Flexible Linux OS Recovery
On Demand Now
In this live one-hour webinar, learn how to enhance your existing backup strategies for complete disaster recovery preparedness using Storix System Backup Administrator (SBAdmin), a highly flexible full-system recovery solution for UNIX and Linux systems.
Join Linux Journal's Shawn Powers and David Huffman, President/CEO, Storix, Inc.
Free to Linux Journal readers.Register Now!
- Ubuntu Online Summit
- Devuan Beta Release
- The Qt Company's Qt Start-Up
- Download "Linux Management with Red Hat Satellite: Measuring Business Impact and ROI"
- May 2016 Issue of Linux Journal
- EnterpriseDB's EDB Postgres Advanced Server and EDB Postgres Enterprise Manager
- The US Government and Open-Source Software
- Open-Source Project Secretly Funded by CIA
- New Container Image Standard Promises More Portable Apps
- BitTorrent Inc.'s Sync
In modern computer systems, privacy and security are mandatory. However, connections from the outside over public networks automatically imply risks. One easily available solution to avoid eavesdroppers’ attempts is SSH. But, its wide adoption during the past 21 years has made it a target for attackers, so hardening your system properly is a must.
Additionally, in highly regulated markets, you must comply with specific operational requirements, proving that you conform to standards and even that you have included new mandatory authentication methods, such as two-factor authentication. In this ebook, I discuss SSH and how to configure and manage it to guarantee that your network is safe, your data is secure and that you comply with relevant regulations.Get the Guide