Teach Yourself PERL in 21 Days
Author: David Till
Publisher: Sams Publishing
Price: 29.99 USA/39.99 CAN
Reviewer: David Flood
The 846 pages of Teach Yourself Perl In 21 Days from Sams Publishing—two inches thick—are intimidating. Don't let the size of the book intimidate you, though, it's due not to the complexity of the language, but to the easygoing writing style of the author.
The book is divided into 21 days (chapters) of differing length, three review sections (at the end of each “week”), several appendixes, and a thorough index. Each “day” has a discussion of a part of the language, examples (either complete programs or code fragments), warnings, sections of “Do's and Don'ts,” and questions or problems at the end. Suggested answers to each “day's” questions are supplied in an appendix.
I started reading this book with no previous exposure to PERL; by the end of the second week I was beginning to see places where the language might be used in real world applications. The examples and discussions were clear and easy to follow. After completing the book, I started writing a simple application; so far I've been able to do everything in PERL that I need to do.
Some of the functions of PERL are also directly translatable to other programs. The discussion of Pattern Matching (Day 7) should be (with author/publisher permission) incorporated into the sed manual page; I'd never been able to get sed to do what I wanted until I read this chapter.
However, the copy of the book I received had a few problems. It was from the first printing and had several errors that the proofreaders had missed. Some of those early in the book would trip up new users of computers. For example, in the section on ftping the PERL file to install PERL on the reader's machine, a sample ftp session is presented. In the sample dialogue, the GET command wasn't followed by a file name: get . When I tried this, ftp told me I needed to supply a file name. I knew enough to do a ls p* to find the current file and then type get filename to get it. (I only did the ftp session to test the directions, since I had already installed PERL from my Slackware CD-ROM.)
Another hazard lies in the discussion of the required first line of a PERL program #!/usr/local/bin/perl. There is a small discussion of the fact that it must be the correct path of the PERL interpreter, but the only advice given is to talk to your System Administrator. Since several folks are their own System Administrator, this might cause problems. Since there are already “Unix Only” discussions in some of the chapters, a small discussion of the which command would be a welcome addition.
I was able to detect at least one error for every two chapters. Upon requesting an errata sheet from the publisher via their area on CompuServe (which they advertise in the book), I was informed that they would get back to me. A week later, they still hadn't. Since files containing errata for some of their other books are available from the area, I presume that the book is still too new for a sheet to have been compiled.
The only other problem that I have with the book is its classification of “User Level: Beginning—Intermediate.” Since I have taken classes in both C and Ada, I was able to relate some of the concepts that I had learned to this language. However, as I pointed out before, some of the ideas presented are definitely not for beginning computer users.
Generally, I would recommend this book for any person who wants to learn PERL. But this is not the book for a person who is attempting to learn a first programming language.
David Flood is currently a student in the School of Drama at the University of Washington. He plans to graduate sometime in 1996 and to get a real job. He is reachable (for now) at email@example.com.
Practical Task Scheduling Deployment
One of the best things about the UNIX environment (aside from being stable and efficient) is the vast array of software tools available to help you do your job. Traditionally, a UNIX tool does only one thing, but does that one thing very well. For example, grep is very easy to use and can search vast amounts of data quickly. The find tool can find a particular file or files based on all kinds of criteria. It's pretty easy to string these tools together to build even more powerful tools, such as a tool that finds all of the .log files in the /home directory and searches each one for a particular entry. This erector-set mentality allows UNIX system administrators to seem to always have the right tool for the job.
Cron traditionally has been considered another such a tool for job scheduling, but is it enough? This webinar considers that very question. The first part builds on a previous Geek Guide, Beyond Cron, and briefly describes how to know when it might be time to consider upgrading your job scheduling infrastructure. The second part presents an actual planning and implementation framework.
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