I2C Drivers, Part II

Here's what has to happen to read the sensors that report the temperature, fan speed and other important system health information.

This two-part series of articles has explained the basics of how to write a kernel I2C bus driver, I2C algorithm driver and I2C chip driver. A lot of good information on how to write I2C drivers can be found in the Documentation/i2c directory in the kernel tree and on the Lm_sensors Web site (secure.netroedge.com/~lm78).

Greg Kroah-Hartman currently is the Linux kernel maintainer for a variety of different driver subsystems. He works for IBM, doing Linux kernel-related things, and can be reached at greg@kroah.com.



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How the adapter driver verifies the specified address

Anonymous's picture

"The i2c_detect function probes the I2C adapter, looking for the different addresses specified in the addr_data structure. If a device is found, the chip_detect function then is called"

Note quite understand, how the adapter driver looks for the address specified. How does it know there is a device at the other end bus would have the address, if it does not read/write some thing from the device. But the adapter driver does not know how to read/write to the device.

RE: How the adapter driver verifies the specified address

Anonymous's picture

Same question here

To probe or not to probe...

Marc's picture


I'm currently struggling with a similar issue. I'm trying to write a driver for an image sensor which can be controlled via I2C. I'm still trying to wrap my head around how to get a character device and an I2C driver to coexist in a single device driver. I got around the whole SENSORS_INSMOD_1 macro issue by hard coding the I2C address since this is known a priori for my application. Therefore I do not call i2c_detect in the attach_adapter() callback. However, to enable probing, I found that if the normal_i2c, normal_i2c_range, normal_isa, and normal_isa_range macros are populated with proper address data, the invocation of the SENSORS_INSMOD_1 macro will set up the addr_data structure accordingly. The i2c_detect then probes only those addresses in the range specified by these arrays. When one is found the callback provided to i2c_detect (chip_detect in the article's example) is invoked to setup a client for that chip.

My question, however, is there seems to be an m:n ratio of adapters to i2c busses. I'm trying to figure out how to manage that within a single char device driver. I'm currently looking at the i2c-dev implementation, however, this uses the old style of registering character devices which I'm not familiar with so I'm not 100% sure what's going on. Does anyone have any insight and silently using an I2C chip driver from within a char device driver?

trying to write a driver for an audio chip

kamou's picture

hello !

I'm trying to write a driver for an audio chip, this chip can be controlled via i2c bus (i2c-0)

the problem is that I don't understand how I can "open" the i2c-0 in kernel space...
I tried to do as le lm75 sensor driver...but it's not better..
I know that I have to register my driver as an i2c driver with the i2c_add_driver function

does this:

static int
chip_attach_adapter(struct i2c_adapter *adapter)
return i2c_detect(adapter, &addr_data,

probes every i2c bus on my board ?
and I don't understand what addr_data is or what it does,
I know it is in the SENSORS_INSMOD_1 macro
but I'm not writing a driver for a sensor, but for an audio chip...

can anyone help me understand better all this ?