Building a Two-Node Linux Cluster with Heartbeat
Both node1 and node2 must have Linux installed. I chose Red Hat and installed Red Hat 7.2 on node1 and Red Hat 6.2 on node2 (I simply wanted to find out if we could build a cluster with different versions of Linux installed on different nodes). Make sure you have installed all dæmons that you want to support. Here is my installation detail:
Hard disk partitions: 128MB for swap and the rest mounted for "/" (so that you don't need to worry about whether there is too much or not enough for a certain subdirectory).
Heartbeat is a part of Ultra Monkey (The Linux HA Project), and the RPM can be downloaded from www.UltraMonkey.org.
The download is small and RPM installation is smooth and simple. However, the document or HOWTO for configuration is hard to find and confusing. In fact, that is the reason I decided to write this HOWTO; so that hopefully you can get your cluster setup with less problems.
It is not the purpose of this article to show you how to install Red Hat; a lot of excellent documentation can be found at either www.linuxdoc.org or www.redhat.com. I will simply include some of the most important configuration files for your reference:
/etc/hosts 127.0.0.1 localhost 192.168.1.1 router 192.168.1.2 node1 192.168.1.3 node2
This file should be the same on both node1 and node2; you may add any other nodes as you see fit.
Check HOSTNAME (cat /etc/HOSTNAME) and make sure it returns either node1 or node2. If not, you can use this command (uname -n > /etc/HOSTNAME) to fix the hostname problem.
ifconfig for node1
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:97:9C:52:28 inet addr:192.168.1.2 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:18617 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:14682 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:3 txqueuelen:100 Interrupt:10 Base address:0x6800 eth0:0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:97:9C:52:28 inet addr:192.168.1.4 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 Interrupt:10 Base address:0x6800 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0 UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:3924 Metric:1 RX packets:38 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:38 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
Please notice that eth0:0 shows the IP aliasing with IP 192.168.1.4.
ifconfig for node2
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:60:08:26:B2:A4 inet addr:192.168.1.2 Bcast:192.168.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0 UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1 RX packets:15673 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:17550 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:2 txqueuelen:100 Interrupt:10 Base address:0x6700 lo Link encap:Local Loopback inet addr:127.0.0.1 Mask:255.0.0.0 UP LOOPBACK RUNNING MTU:3924 Metric:1 RX packets:142 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0 TX packets:142 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0 collisions:0 txqueuelen:0
If you are using Internet Explorer on Windows, you might have problems accessing FTP (Netscape works much better). I suggest you either use a command-line FTP or an FTP Windows/X Window System client (e.g., wu_ftp) to access the FTP site of Ultra Monkey (ftp.UltraMonkey.org).
Once you log in to the FTP server of Ultra Monkey, go to pub, then UltraMonkey and then the latest version 1.0.2 (not the beta). The only package is heartbeat-0.4.9-1.um.1.i386.rpm; save heartbeat-0.4.9-1.um.1.i386.rpm on your Linux box, log in as root and install it with
rpm -ivh heartbeat-0.4.9-1.um.1.i386.rpm
Practical Task Scheduling Deployment
One of the best things about the UNIX environment (aside from being stable and efficient) is the vast array of software tools available to help you do your job. Traditionally, a UNIX tool does only one thing, but does that one thing very well. For example, grep is very easy to use and can search vast amounts of data quickly. The find tool can find a particular file or files based on all kinds of criteria. It's pretty easy to string these tools together to build even more powerful tools, such as a tool that finds all of the .log files in the /home directory and searches each one for a particular entry. This erector-set mentality allows UNIX system administrators to seem to always have the right tool for the job.
Cron traditionally has been considered another such a tool for job scheduling, but is it enough? This webinar considers that very question. The first part builds on a previous Geek Guide, Beyond Cron, and briefly describes how to know when it might be time to consider upgrading your job scheduling infrastructure. The second part presents an actual planning and implementation framework.
Join Linux Journal's Mike Diehl and Pat Cameron of Help Systems.
Free to Linux Journal readers.View Now!
|The Firebird Project's Firebird Relational Database||Jul 29, 2016|
|Stunnel Security for Oracle||Jul 28, 2016|
|SUSE LLC's SUSE Manager||Jul 21, 2016|
|My +1 Sword of Productivity||Jul 20, 2016|
|Non-Linux FOSS: Caffeine!||Jul 19, 2016|
|Murat Yener and Onur Dundar's Expert Android Studio (Wrox)||Jul 18, 2016|
- Stunnel Security for Oracle
- The Firebird Project's Firebird Relational Database
- Murat Yener and Onur Dundar's Expert Android Studio (Wrox)
- SUSE LLC's SUSE Manager
- Managing Linux Using Puppet
- My +1 Sword of Productivity
- Non-Linux FOSS: Caffeine!
- Doing for User Space What We Did for Kernel Space
- Google's SwiftShader Released
- SuperTuxKart 0.9.2 Released
With all the industry talk about the benefits of Linux on Power and all the performance advantages offered by its open architecture, you may be considering a move in that direction. If you are thinking about analytics, big data and cloud computing, you would be right to evaluate Power. The idea of using commodity x86 hardware and replacing it every three years is an outdated cost model. It doesn’t consider the total cost of ownership, and it doesn’t consider the advantage of real processing power, high-availability and multithreading like a demon.
This ebook takes a look at some of the practical applications of the Linux on Power platform and ways you might bring all the performance power of this open architecture to bear for your organization. There are no smoke and mirrors here—just hard, cold, empirical evidence provided by independent sources. I also consider some innovative ways Linux on Power will be used in the future.Get the Guide