The OSCAR Revolution
The first thing one notices when untarring the OSCAR file is that the OSCAR integration and test team has done a thorough job; there is extensive documentation on how to install OSCAR, the system requirements, the licensing (GPL) and the theory behind OSCAR itself. There is a quick start guide for the impatient cluster administrator, as well as a full descriptive text. One also notices that there's nothing additional to download; it's all included in the single OSCAR tar file. OSCAR takes the traditional view of clusters—a single server with N compute nodes; the server is responsible for installing, scheduling and monitoring the compute nodes. Nodes in the cluster should be running homogeneous software, meaning the same distribution and version of Linux. The first command the user enters is install_cluster, which does a multitude of things: creates necessary directories; manages NFS and xinetd; installs LAM/MPI, C3, PBS, Maui, OpenSSH, SIS, Perl, SystemImager and MPICH; updates various profiles and configuration scripts; and launches the OSCAR wizard.
If all goes well, you're in for a pleasant surprise, namely, the OSCAR wizard. The OSCAR team felt the wizard would be another distinguishing feature of OSCAR in the field of Linux cluster solutions. The purpose of the wizard is clear—follow the wizard and you too can install a cluster painlessly. Each step along the wizard's path has entry and exit criteria. Once the exit criteria is successfully met, OSCAR gives a success message to indicate it's safe to move on to the next step.
Following the wizard, pressing the Build OSCAR client image button brings up the second panel, the Create a SystemImager Image panel.
The purpose of the SystemImager panel is to create a filesystem on the server that will later be installed on each client. The Image Name field allows the user to create multiple SystemImager images, each with a unique name. The Package File field provides a list of packages that will be installed on the client; OSCAR provides sample lists that meet most user requirements. The Packages Directory tells where the RPMs are coming from, and the Disk Partition File field allows the user to customize the disk partitions. Again, OSCAR provides default disk partition definition files for both IDE and SCSI drives. Pressing the Build Image button starts the process of building a client image on the server. Once complete, it's time to go back to the wizard for step two, defining the OSCAR clients.
From the Add Clients panel, the user can specify a range of IP addresses to be associated with a list of new clients. Each client is associated with an image name using the Image Name field. One can define a set of clients in a range of IP addresses, each having the same netmask and default gateway. Pressing the Addclients button builds client definitions for SIS. Once complete, it's back to step three on the wizard, Setup Networking.
From the Setup Networking panel, MAC addresses are collected for each client in the cluster. If the node is capable of true network (PXE) boot, you simply associate a MAC address with a client, and you're ready to power up the node. If the node is not PXE-enabled, you can write a SystemImager boot diskette from the Build Autoinstall Floppy button. Once the MAC addresses are collected, it's time to press the button to Configure the DHCP Server and boot all the nodes to initiate Linux installation.
Once all the nodes are installed, each node starts this really annoying and incessant beeping telling the system administrator to pop out the diskette or turn off PXE and reboot the node from the hard drive. Once they are all booted, the nodes are ready to Complete Cluster Setup from the wizard (really just syncing the time between servers and clients and running any package-sensitive postiinstallation scripts). The Test Cluster Setup button from the wizard runs short jobs, checking each flavor of scheduler and parallel library.
Once the cluster is fully installed and functioning, there are test scripts to check the overall health of the cluster. Running the test_install script will check to make sure PBS or Maui Scheduler is configured and running, that the C3 tools are installed and that the cluster at that time is ready to start accepting parallel jobs.
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- Updates from LinuxCon and ContainerCon, Toronto, August 2016
- What I Wish I’d Known When I Was an Embedded Linux Newbie
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- New Version of GParted
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