Best of Technical Support

Our experts answer your technical questions.
Partitioning and Cylinders

I am installing Red Hat Linux 6.0 on a partition. When I try to make my partitions for Linux, it gives me an error saying “boot partition too big”. I tried to use fdisk and it says my hard drive has 1655 cylinders, not 1024, and it will cause problems. How can I get around this? —Will Brown, willj3@mindspring.com

Create a primary partition (the first one) with 10MB; its mount point should be /boot. This is the directory where all the boot images reside, and it needs to be under the 1024 cylinder. The root partition (/) can then be any size, and will not have any problems. —Paulo Wollny, paulo@wollny.com.br

Most PC bioses are still unable to access data beyond the 1024th cylinder. This prevents LILO from booting a kernel that's lying beyond the 1024th cylinder. To get around this, short of getting an alternate architecture without all those ancestral PC limitations, you need to have your boot partition (either /boot if you have one, or your root partition otherwise) completely under the 1024th cylinder. —Marc Merlin, marc_bts@valinux.com

Home Networking

I am setting up a small LAN at home with a server running Red Hat 6.1 and a workstation running Windows 98. I've set each up with a static IP address (192.168.1.1-2) and a netmask of 255.255.255.0. My problem is that I can't even ping my Linux box using the host name. I can ping it using the IP address, and I can ping my Windows 98 box from the Linux box using either the host name or the IP address. I'd appreciate any suggestions you may have.

I had an older version of Linux (Red Hat 5.3, I believe) on the server, and it was working perfectly. I've set up the 6.1 version the same way and it won't work. —Greg Wright, grewright@netzero.net

You didn't mention whether you've configured DNS services at home, so I'll assume you have not. In that case, you need to add an entry to your c:\windows\hosts file. List the IP address of the system you are trying to ping, followed by the host name you wish to use in your ping test. Be sure you do not include the domain name in this entry. You can copy the file hosts.sam if you need a sample. —Chad Robinson, Chad.Robinson@brt.com

Office Networking

I am using SuSE 6.3 and had two networks, one at the main office (192.168.1.0) and the other at the branch (192.168.2.0). I used two Cisco 800 routers to connect them. I can use TCP/IP normally (ping, ftp, http from one host to another). My problem is I cannot see the remote PCs in Windows Explorer at the office. I configured a Linux server with DNS, mail and FTP, but it still doesn't work. At the office, I'm running IPX (there is a Netware 3.11 server) and TCP/IP protocols. Someone told me I must set up a Windows NT running WINS service. I don't want to install Windows NT. Any ideas? —Carlos Germán Siufi, csiufi@puntoar.net.ar

This question involves Windows networking, and more specifically, netbios name lookup. Netbios, which is at the core of Windows networking, was very badly designed and grew from there. While UNIX uses DNS for name lookup, Windows originally used a complicated name lookup scheme based on the election of a local name browser on your subnet and broadcast queries for each name lookup. Because it is broadcast-based, it doesn't work across subnets (which is your configuration), and it was “improved” with the addition of WINS.

The typical solution is indeed to use a WINS server, which is some kind of dynamic DNS equivalent, although it isn't as robust. However, you do not need to run Windows to provide WINS service; Samba (http://www.samba.org/) can do this just fine. While using a WINS server would typically require you to configure each Windows machine, Samba can function as a proxy between local broadcast queries and a remote WINS server. You ought to grab Samba and read its documentation for more info. You may also want to consider getting one of the Samba books. —Marc Merlin, marc_bts@valinux.com

Setting Display Mode

I need to know how to set my display mode when I start the X Window System. It always runs X at 320x300 or something really huge and I can't do anything. I use—Jim, jim@stat.net

Red Hat's X configuration tool is called Xconfigurator. If it doesn't work for you, then you should first check that your graphics card is supported by your version of XFree86 at http://www.xfree86.org/#resources/. It may be that your video card is supported by a later version of X, in which case you should upgrade. If your video card is recent, it is most likely Vesa 2-compatible, and you can use the VesaFB server: http://www.xfree86.org/FAQ/#FBDev/. —Marc Merlin, marc_bts@valinux.com

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