How to Install and Configure Oracle on Linux

A step-by-step demonstration of the Oracle installation process.
Binary Patching

Change to the directory where you downloaded the glibc patch file, glibcpatch.tgz. Unpack the file, tar -xvzf glibcpatch.tgz. Run the patch script, sh The final screen should look something like Figure 18.

Create the Database

Now it is time to create the original database.

  • Change to your staging directory (cd /home/oracle/orainst/orainst).

  • Start the installer (./orainst /c).

  • Select Custom Install.

  • Press enter twice to bypass the README files.

  • Select Create/Upgrade Database objects.

  • Select Create Database Objects.

  • Press return to acknowledge the environment variables ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_BASE.

  • Press return to acknowledge the locations for the log files.

  • Press return to acknowledge the environment variable ORACLE_SID.

  • Select Oracle8 Enterprise (RDBMS), tab to INSTALL and press return.

  • Select Create Product DB Objects (see Figure 19).

  • Select Filesystem-based Database (see Figure 20).

  • Select Yes to distribute control files over three mount points (see Figure 21).

  • Enter the three mount points of /u01, /u02 and /u03 (see Figure 22).

  • Select the appropriate character set.

  • Select the appropriate national character set.

  • Enter the password you want to use for the SYSTEM account. You will be asked to enter it a second time to confirm the password.

  • Enter the password you want to use for the SYS account. You will be asked to confirm that too.

  • If you want an internal password for dba and operator, tab to Yes at this prompt. If you don't want an internal password tab to No.

  • Enter and confirm the password you want to use for the TNS listener.

  • Click on No to configure the MTS Listener (see Figure 23).

  • Press return to acknowledge the defaults for the location of the control files.

  • Press return twice if you wish to accept the defaults for the paths to your data files and their sizes. If you have not done any database sizing and thereby determined you need more space, the default sizes should be appropriate (see Figure 24). You can add space to any data file at a later time, if necessary.

  • Select Yes to accept the default file names and sizes (see Figure 25).

The installer will now create the initial database. As with the software installation, this is another good time to take a break. As before, we hope to see “The requested action has been performed for selected products.” message. Press return to return to the main install screen; tab to Exit, then press return; select Yes at the confirmation screen.


Log out, then log back in again as root. Copy the oracle user's .profile to root's home directory (cp ~oracle/.profile /root/.profile). Log out, then back in as root. Check that the environment variables in the .profile are set properly by issuing an env command.

Change to the /orainst directory and run the script.

cd $ORACLE_HOME/orainst

Verify ORACLE_OWNER, ORACLE_HOME and ORACLE_SID are correct. If they are, enter Y.

When it asks for the full path name to your local bin directory, enter /usr/local/bin. The script then tells you ORACLE_HOME does not match the home directory for oracle. This is not a problem. Type a Y and continue. The script will complete. (See Figure 26)

Log on as oracle and shut down the instance (see Figure 27).

connect internal


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Oracle patch apply

Anonymous's picture

I have to apply oracle patch for 249 days bug. But I am very new in oracle and linux. I don't know how to find existing oracle home.So can you kindly help me? How to apply this kind of patch in redhat linux? Can I apply without setting oracle home? I mean /opt/oracle/product/10.2.1 .../OPatch/opatch apply , this command can use?