Alphabet Soup: The Internationalization of Linux, Part 2
As yet, there are no general standards, but HTTP 1.1 is an example of a protocol that provides facilities for the browser and server to negotiate the type of content to be provided. In particular, the browser can automatically specify the language and preferred encoding of content. The server may ignore this, if content in that language is unavailable. This method is certainly more convenient for users than providing links to translations in various languages.
Another example of content negotiation is provided by the MIME multipart/alternative format. This format allows the same content to be presented in several ways. For example, a mail message can be formatted as both plain text and as HTML. Many UNIX mail user agents do not understand HTML, but Netscape certainly does. This allows “dumb” MUAs (or people who hate HTML e-mail) with a minimal understanding of MIME to read the e-mail as plain text, while those using Netscape to read their mail get the (dubious, in my opinion) benefit of the HTML presentation.
These two articles have presented an overview of the principles of internationalization. It hasn't been brief, but it is hardly complete or comprehensive. Linux is now in fairly good shape with respect to the basic facilities for internationalization with the wide dissemination of GNU libc version 2 (usually known on Linux systems as glibc or libc6).
A few issues still remain to be worked out, especially with respect to Asian languages. We can expect the standards to become more comprehensive over time. For example, locales may deal with line wrapping conventions, or the locale model may be extended to support multilingual applications directly.
However, the main effort today must be on the part of applications programmers and multilingual volunteers. Applications programmers need to use the POSIX locale facilities and GNU gettext to internationalize their programs. Multilingual volunteers should join the GNU translation project and help translate message catalogs for their favorite programs.
Practical Task Scheduling Deployment
July 20, 2016 12:00 pm CDT
One of the best things about the UNIX environment (aside from being stable and efficient) is the vast array of software tools available to help you do your job. Traditionally, a UNIX tool does only one thing, but does that one thing very well. For example, grep is very easy to use and can search vast amounts of data quickly. The find tool can find a particular file or files based on all kinds of criteria. It's pretty easy to string these tools together to build even more powerful tools, such as a tool that finds all of the .log files in the /home directory and searches each one for a particular entry. This erector-set mentality allows UNIX system administrators to seem to always have the right tool for the job.
Cron traditionally has been considered another such a tool for job scheduling, but is it enough? This webinar considers that very question. The first part builds on a previous Geek Guide, Beyond Cron, and briefly describes how to know when it might be time to consider upgrading your job scheduling infrastructure. The second part presents an actual planning and implementation framework.
Join Linux Journal's Mike Diehl and Pat Cameron of Help Systems.
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With all the industry talk about the benefits of Linux on Power and all the performance advantages offered by its open architecture, you may be considering a move in that direction. If you are thinking about analytics, big data and cloud computing, you would be right to evaluate Power. The idea of using commodity x86 hardware and replacing it every three years is an outdated cost model. It doesn’t consider the total cost of ownership, and it doesn’t consider the advantage of real processing power, high-availability and multithreading like a demon.
This ebook takes a look at some of the practical applications of the Linux on Power platform and ways you might bring all the performance power of this open architecture to bear for your organization. There are no smoke and mirrors here—just hard, cold, empirical evidence provided by independent sources. I also consider some innovative ways Linux on Power will be used in the future.Get the Guide