Virtual Domains and qmail
If you have hundreds of users for a virtual domain, you can avoid the hundreds of .qmail-xxx files with a small script that calls qmail's forward command.
Instead of creating individual .qmail-xxx files in the virtual domain master user's home directory, create a single .qmail-default file containing the following line:
with /home/master/qmail_db modified to reflect the home directory of your virtual domain. You can then create (or adapt from your existing /etc/aliases) the file /home/master/qmail_db, consisting of lines with the virtual domain user, a colon and the forwarding address(es). The special user name “-” indicates where mail should be forwarded for any users not explicitly listed. If the “-” user name is not provided, mail for nonexistent users will be bounced. A sample qmail_db file might look like this:
-: firstname.lastname@example.org john.smith: email@example.com carl.jones: firstname.lastname@example.org karen.quincy: kquincy all: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org kquincyNote the forwarding addresses for the “-” user must be an actual address; otherwise, mail to nonexistent addresses in the virtual domain will be accepted, but not delivered to anyone.
A more substantial package for supporting /etc/aliases, qmsmac, is available with qmail. qmsmac supports arbitrarily deep-nested aliases and long aliases but, like sendmail, requires you to rebuild a database of aliases every time your /etc/aliases file is changed.
qmail appears to be a speedy and robust replacement for sendmail. We've had qmail running on our Linux Internet server for many months now without a single glitch. The additional features provided by qmail could be useful to those of you hosting several virtual domains from a single Linux box, and the simpler configuration is an added bonus.
- Django Models and Migrations
- Hacking a Safe with Bash
- Secure Server Deployments in Hostile Territory, Part II
- Huge Package Overhaul for Debian and Ubuntu
- The Controversy Behind Canonical's Intellectual Property Policy
- Home Automation with Raspberry Pi
- Shashlik - a Tasty New Android Simulator
- Embed Linux in Monitoring and Control Systems
- KDE Reveals Plasma Mobile
- Purism Librem 13 Review