Build a Better Firewall-Linux HA Firewall Tutorial
About Firewall Builder
Originally started in 2000, Firewall Builder is an open-source project with thousands of users around the world using it to manage production firewalls. In addition to iptables, Firewall Builder also includes support for configuring BSD pf, Cisco ASA, PIX and FWSM firewalls, Cisco router access, ipfw and ipfilter firewalls. Commercial licenses are available for prebuilt MS Windows and Mac OS X packages.
The focus of this article is using Firewall Builder's cluster feature to manage a single firewall policy for the HA firewall pair, but let's start with a quick overview of a few key Firewall Builder concepts.
Objects form the foundation of the Firewall Builder GUI. Objects are used to represent common firewall rule elements, such as IP networks, IP hosts and TCP and UDP protocols. Firewall Builder comes with hundreds of predefined objects for common elements, like well-known TCP services. The same object can be used in firewall rules on multiple firewalls, letting users define an object once and use it as many times as needed.
After a firewall object has been created and rules have been configured for that firewall, Firewall Builder generates a script that will be run on the target firewall server to implement the firewall rules that were defined in the GUI. The process of creating this script is called compiling the firewall rules. The generated firewall script also can be used to manage interface IP addresses, static routes and various system settings.
For more information about Firewall Builder basics, go to the NetCitadel Web site (see Resources), which includes a comprehensive Users Guide.
Now, let's dive in to configuring the firewall cluster with Firewall Builder. In order to create an HA firewall pair, called a cluster in Firewall Builder, you first need to configure the individual firewall objects that will be members of the cluster.
Click the Create new firewall button in the middle of the main window to launch the new firewall wizard that provides a series of dialog windows to walk you through the process of creating a new firewall object.
Set the firewall name (lj-fw-1) and platform type (iptables) in the first dialog and click the Next button. Leave the default setting of “Configure interfaces manually” on the next dialog window, and click the Next button. The final dialog window is where the interfaces for the firewall are defined. Follow the steps shown below to add the interfaces for the lj-fw-1 firewall.
Step 1: click the green + sign to create a new interface:
Set the interface name to “eth0”.
Set the interface label to “outside”.
Click the Add address button.
Enter 192.168.1.2 with Netmask of 255.255.255.0.
Step 2: click the green + sign to create a new interface, and repeat the steps from Step 1 to configure eth1 (“eth1”, “inside”, 10.1.1.2, 255.255.255.0).
Step 3: click the green + sign to create a new interface, and repeat the steps from Step 1 to configure eth2 (“eth2”, “synch”, 192.168.100.2, 255.255.255.0).
Step 4: click the green + sign to create a new interface, and repeat the steps from Step 1 to configure lo (“lo”, “loopback”, 127.0.0.1, 255.0.0.0).
Figure 2 shows an example of the interface dialog window after the first interface, eth0, has been defined. Once all interfaces are configured, click the Finish button to create the firewall object.
The newly created firewall object will be displayed in the object tree in the left object tree panel. Right-click on the lj-fw-1 object and select Duplicate→Place in Library User from the menu. This creates an exact copy of lj-fw-1 in the object tree and opens it for editing in the editor panel at the bottom of the screen.
Rename the newly created firewall object to lj-fw-2. Click “Yes” on the warning message that is displayed about changing the name of all child objects. The lj-fw-2 firewall object will show in the object tree with all its child objects expanded.
When the firewall is duplicated, the interface IP addresses on the new firewall are the same as the interface IP addresses on the original firewall. Update the interface IP addresses to match the correct IP addresses for the eth0 interface on the lj-fw-2 firewall as shown in Figure 3. Repeat this process for IP addresses of interfaces eth1 and eth2.
The final step is to identify the interface that will be used to manage each of the lj-fw-1 and lj-fw-2 firewalls. This will be used later by the installer to determine which IP address to use to connect to the firewall. Double-click on the interface object named “eth1” of the lj-fw-1 firewall to open it for editing and check the box labeled “Management interface” in the editor panel. Repeat the process for the lj-fw-2 firewall.
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