If you have a process ID but aren't sure whether it's valid, you can use the most unlikely of candidates to test it: the kill command. If you don't see any reference to this on the kill(1) man page, check the info pages. The man/info page states that signal 0 is special and that the exit code from kill tells whether a signal could be sent to the specified process (or processes).
So kill -0 will not terminate the process, and the return status can be used to determine whether a process is running. For example:
$ echo $$ # show our process id 12833 $ /bin/bash # create new process $ echo $$ # show new process id 12902 $ kill -0 12902 $ echo $? # exists, exit code is 0 0 $ exit # return to previous shell $ kill -0 12902 bash: kill: (12902) - No such process $ echo $? # doesn't exist, exit code is 1 1
Many UNIX dæmons store their process IDs in a file in /var/run when they are started. Using kill -0 to test the pid is a lot easier than parsing ps output. For example, to test whether cron is running, do the following:
# kill -0 $(cat /var/run/cron.pid) # echo $? 0
txt2man converts flat ASCII text into the man page format. This allows you to author man pages without knowledge of nroff macros. It's a shell script that uses GNU awk, and it should run on any UNIX-like system. The script is available at mvertes.free.fr/txt2man/txt2man.
txt2man can generate its own man page for viewing on the screen via:
# txt2man -h 2>&1 | txt2man -T
The text source for the man page for txt2man is contained in the script itself; therefore, the source of the script shows you all you need to know to use txt2man.
If the program you want to install doesn't have a package for your distribution, you can use checkinstall to make one. Checkinstall makes Debian-, RPM- and Slackware-compatible packages. You can find checkinstall at asic-linux.com.mx/~izto/checkinstall.
Once you install it, download the source to the program you want to install and configure it and build it just as you normally would do. When it's time to run make install, use this instead:
Checkinstall will make a package and install it on your system. The original motivation for checkinstall was to create an easy way to remove programs that had been installed from source. Now that you have a package, you can remove it like any other package on your system.
|Using Salt Stack and Vagrant for Drupal Development||May 20, 2013|
|Making Linux and Android Get Along (It's Not as Hard as It Sounds)||May 16, 2013|
|Drupal Is a Framework: Why Everyone Needs to Understand This||May 15, 2013|
|Home, My Backup Data Center||May 13, 2013|
|Non-Linux FOSS: Seashore||May 10, 2013|
|Trying to Tame the Tablet||May 08, 2013|
- Using Salt Stack and Vagrant for Drupal Development
- Making Linux and Android Get Along (It's Not as Hard as It Sounds)
- New Products
- Validate an E-Mail Address with PHP, the Right Way
- Drupal Is a Framework: Why Everyone Needs to Understand This
- A Topic for Discussion - Open Source Feature-Richness?
- Home, My Backup Data Center
- RSS Feeds
- New Products
- New Products
- I like your topic on android
21 min 13 sec ago
- Reply to comment | Linux Journal
42 min 23 sec ago
- This is the easiest tutorial
6 hours 56 min ago
- Ahh, the Koolaid.
12 hours 35 min ago
- git-annex assistant
18 hours 35 min ago
- direct cable connection
18 hours 57 min ago
- Agreed on AirDroid. With my
19 hours 7 min ago
- I just learned this
19 hours 11 min ago
19 hours 42 min ago
- not living upto the mobile revolution
22 hours 33 min ago
Enter to Win an Adafruit Prototyping Pi Plate Kit for Raspberry Pi
It's Raspberry Pi month at Linux Journal. Each week in May, Adafruit will be giving away a Pi-related prize to a lucky, randomly drawn LJ reader. Winners will be announced weekly.
Fill out the fields below to enter to win this week's prize-- a Prototyping Pi Plate Kit for Raspberry Pi.
Congratulations to our winners so far:
- 5-8-13, Pi Starter Pack: Jack Davis
- 5-15-13, Pi Model B 512MB RAM: Patrick Dunn
- Next winner announced on 5-21-13!
Free Webinar: Linux Backup and Recovery
Most companies incorporate backup procedures for critical data, which can be restored quickly if a loss occurs. However, fewer companies are prepared for catastrophic system failures, in which they lose all data, the entire operating system, applications, settings, patches and more, reducing their system(s) to “bare metal.” After all, before data can be restored to a system, there must be a system to restore it to.
In this one hour webinar, learn how to enhance your existing backup strategies for better disaster recovery preparedness using Storix System Backup Administrator (SBAdmin), a highly flexible bare-metal recovery solution for UNIX and Linux systems.