UpFront

The UpFront Section

UpFront

Tech Tip

To take a screenshot of the entire screen and save the image as screenshot.png, use the command:

$ import -window root screenshot.png*

To select an area to capture with a crosshair, use import without the -window option.

To take a screenshot of a specific area of the screen, use the -crop, option along with the dimension in pixels, for example:

import -crop 300X250

The import utility is part of the ImageMagick suite of tools.

Tech Tip

Sometime you may want to find all files modified during the installation of a given package. This problem can be solved simply as follows:

echo temp > /tmp/afile
# Install your package
find /etc -newer /tmp/afile  
# Find files modified in /etc

A useful variation is to identify all files “accessed” during the execution of a given program. Often some files under /etc are accessed, and you need to know which ones. This can be done as follows:

echo temp > /tmp/afile
# Run your program
find /etc -anewer /tmp/afile

A sneaky variation is to find all files modified between time1 and time2. Let's use the times 2007-12-02 13:45 and 2007-12-04 01:30 as an example:

touch -t 200712021345.00 /tmp/file1
touch -t 200712040130.00 /tmp/file2

find /etc -newer /tmp/file1 -a ! -newer /tmp/file2

This works by using touch -t to set the modification date of the files to set a date range for use with find.

Tech Tip

Do you have code for Linux written in Assembler, C, C++, FreePascal or any other native-compiled language that surfaces a Java JNI interface?

Have you had problems with crashes from time to time? It could be that your native code is improperly, from Java's point of view anyway, using signals. Even if your code is not explicitly using signals, the Run-Time Library (RTL) linked into your Java JNI Shared Object may be using signals “for” you.

The answer to your problems may lie in a Shared Object named libjsig.so that comes with later versions of Java. Basically, libjsig.so makes it easy to implement something called signal chaining that allows the Java JVM, and your Java JNI native code that uses signals, to interact with one another properly.

There are a couple ways to use libjsig.so, but one quick way to find out whether libjsig.so will benefit you is to use the wonderful Linux LD_PRELOAD capability discussed in the November 2004 issue of Linux Journal in the article “Modifying a Dynamic Library without Changing the Source Code” by Greg Kroah-Hartman (www.linuxjournal.com/article/7795).

To give it a go, in a bash shell, use the following technique to execute your Java application:

export LD_PRELOAD=/path/to/libjsig.so; java YOUR_JAVA_CLASS

For more information on libjsig.so try:

______________________

Webinar
One Click, Universal Protection: Implementing Centralized Security Policies on Linux Systems

As Linux continues to play an ever increasing role in corporate data centers and institutions, ensuring the integrity and protection of these systems must be a priority. With 60% of the world's websites and an increasing share of organization's mission-critical workloads running on Linux, failing to stop malware and other advanced threats on Linux can increasingly impact an organization's reputation and bottom line.

Learn More

Sponsored by Bit9

Webinar
Linux Backup and Recovery Webinar

Most companies incorporate backup procedures for critical data, which can be restored quickly if a loss occurs. However, fewer companies are prepared for catastrophic system failures, in which they lose all data, the entire operating system, applications, settings, patches and more, reducing their system(s) to “bare metal.” After all, before data can be restored to a system, there must be a system to restore it to.

In this one hour webinar, learn how to enhance your existing backup strategies for better disaster recovery preparedness using Storix System Backup Administrator (SBAdmin), a highly flexible bare-metal recovery solution for UNIX and Linux systems.

Learn More

Sponsored by Storix