To take a screenshot of the entire screen and save the image as screenshot.png, use the command:
$ import -window root screenshot.png*
To select an area to capture with a crosshair, use import without the -window option.
To take a screenshot of a specific area of the screen, use the -crop, option along with the dimension in pixels, for example:
import -crop 300X250
The import utility is part of the ImageMagick suite of tools.
Sometime you may want to find all files modified during the installation of a given package. This problem can be solved simply as follows:
echo temp > /tmp/afile # Install your package find /etc -newer /tmp/afile # Find files modified in /etc
A useful variation is to identify all files “accessed” during the execution of a given program. Often some files under /etc are accessed, and you need to know which ones. This can be done as follows:
echo temp > /tmp/afile # Run your program find /etc -anewer /tmp/afile
A sneaky variation is to find all files modified between time1 and time2. Let's use the times 2007-12-02 13:45 and 2007-12-04 01:30 as an example:
touch -t 200712021345.00 /tmp/file1 touch -t 200712040130.00 /tmp/file2 find /etc -newer /tmp/file1 -a ! -newer /tmp/file2
This works by using touch -t to set the modification date of the files to set a date range for use with find.
Do you have code for Linux written in Assembler, C, C++, FreePascal or any other native-compiled language that surfaces a Java JNI interface?
Have you had problems with crashes from time to time? It could be that your native code is improperly, from Java's point of view anyway, using signals. Even if your code is not explicitly using signals, the Run-Time Library (RTL) linked into your Java JNI Shared Object may be using signals “for” you.
The answer to your problems may lie in a Shared Object named libjsig.so that comes with later versions of Java. Basically, libjsig.so makes it easy to implement something called signal chaining that allows the Java JVM, and your Java JNI native code that uses signals, to interact with one another properly.
There are a couple ways to use libjsig.so, but one quick way to find out whether libjsig.so will benefit you is to use the wonderful Linux LD_PRELOAD capability discussed in the November 2004 issue of Linux Journal in the article “Modifying a Dynamic Library without Changing the Source Code” by Greg Kroah-Hartman (www.linuxjournal.com/article/7795).
To give it a go, in a bash shell, use the following technique to execute your Java application:
export LD_PRELOAD=/path/to/libjsig.so; java YOUR_JAVA_CLASS
For more information on libjsig.so try:
Signal Chaining: java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/technotes/guides/vm/signal-chaining.html
Revelations on Java signal handling and termination: www.ibm.com/developerworks/java/library/i-signalhandling/
Signal Handling on Solaris OS and Linux: java.sun.com/javase/6/webnotes/trouble/TSG-VM/html/gbzbl.html
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